Skip to main content

Electronic cigarette use in France in 2014

Abstract

Objectives

The aim of this study was to investigate electronic cigarette use in France with a special focus on its relationship with tobacco smoking.

Methods

The 2014 Health Barometer is a telephone survey of 15,635 individuals which provides a status update regarding electronic cigarettes use in France.

Results

In 2014, 25.7 % of 15–75-year-olds had tried e-cigarettes. Among these, 23.4 % were current vapers (6.0 % of 15–75-year-olds). Among vapers, about half were daily vapers (2.9 % of 15-75-year-olds). Smoking prevalence was high among those who vape: 83.1 % were smokers (74.7 % were daily smokers) and 15.0 % were former smokers. Four out of five vapers considered that they had reduced their cigarette consumption through e-cigarette use. Vaping ex-smokers represented 0.9 % of 15–75-year-olds, which are approximately 400,000 people. This figure represents an initial estimate of the number of smokers who have successfully stopped smoking, at least temporarily, thanks to e-cigarettes.

Conclusions

E-cigarettes in France were on the whole used by smokers. The e-cigarette could have helped several hundreds of thousands of individuals to quit smoking, at least temporarily.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Agaku IT, King BA, Husten CG et al (2014) Tobacco product use among adults–United States, 2012–2013 MMWR. Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 63:542–547

    Google Scholar 

  2. Beck F, Gautier A, Guignard R et al (2013) Health Barometer 2010 Methods. French Institute for Health Promotion and Health Education (INPES). http://www.inpes.sante.fr/Barometres/barometre-sante-2010/pdf/Health-Barometer-2010-methods.pdf Accessed 25 June 2015

  3. Callahan-Lyon P (2014) Electronic cigarettes: human health effects. Tob Control 23(Suppl 2):ii36–ii40. doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051470

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  4. Doll R, Peto R (1978) Cigarette smoking and bronchial carcinoma: dose and time relationships among regular smokers and lifelong non-smokers. J Epidemiol Community Health 32:303–313

    CAS  Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  5. Eastwood B, Dockrell MJ, Arnott D et al (2015) Electronic cigarette use in young people in Great Britain 2013–2014. Public Health. doi:10.1016/j.puhe.2015.07.009

    PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  6. European Union (2012) Attitudes of Europeans towards tobacco, Special Eurobarometer 385. http://www.ec.europa.eu/health/tobacco/docs/eurobaro_attitudes_towards_tobacco_2012_en.pdf. Accessed 25 June 2015

  7. Flanders WD, Lally CA, Zhu BP et al (2003) Lung cancer mortality in relation to age, duration of smoking, and daily cigarette consumption: results from Cancer Prevention Study II. Cancer Res 63(19):6556–6562

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  8. Grana R, Benowitz N, Glantz SA (2014) E-cigarettes: a scientific review. Circulation 129:1972–1986. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.114.007667

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  9. Gravely S, Fong GT, Cummings KM et al (2014) Awareness, trial, and current use of electronic cigarettes in 10 countries: findings from the ITC project. Int J Environ Res Public Health 11:11691–11704. doi:10.3390/ijerph111111691

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  10. Guignard R, Beck F, Richard J-B et al (2015) La consommation de tabac en France en 2014: caractéristiques et évolutions récentes—Évolutions n°31. http://www.inpes.sante.fr/CFESBases/catalogue/pdf/1611.pdf. Accessed 25 June 2015

  11. Hajek P, Etter JF, Benowitz N et al (2014) Electronic cigarettes: review of use, content, safety, effects on smokers and potential for harm and benefit. Addiction 109:1801–1810. doi:10.1111/add.12659

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  12. Haut Conseil de la santé publique (2014) Avis relatif aux bénéfices-risques de la cigarette électronique ou e-cigarette étendus en population générale. http://www.hcsp.fr/explore.cgi/avisrapportsdomaine?clefr=431. Accessed 25 June 2015

  13. Haute Autorité de Santé (2014) Arrêt de la consommation de tabac: du dépistage individuel au maintien de l’abstinence en premier recours. http://www.has-sante.fr/portail/upload/docs/application/pdf/2014-11/recommandations_-_arret_de_la_consommation_de_tabac_octobre_2014_2014-11-17_14-13-23_985.pdf. Accessed 25 June 2015

  14. Hummel K, Hoving C, Nagelhout GE et al (2015) Prevalence and reasons for use of electronic cigarettes among smokers: findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Netherlands Survey. Int J Drug Policy 26(6):601–608. doi:10.1016/j.drugpo.2014.12.009

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  15. Lermenier A, Palle C (2014) Résultats de l’enquête ETINCEL-OFDT sur la cigarette électronique. Prévalence, comportements d’achat et d’usage, motivations des utilisateurs de la cigarette électronique. http://www.ofdt.fr/BDD/publications/docs/eisxalu2.pdf. Accessed 25 June 2015

  16. Leventhal AM, Strong DR, Kirkpatrick MG et al (2015) Association of electronic cigarette use with initiation of combustible tobacco product smoking in early adolescence. JAMA 314(7):700–707. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.8950

    CAS  Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  17. Lubin JH, Caporaso NE (2006) Cigarette smoking and lung cancer: modeling total exposure and intensity. Cancer Epidemiol Biomark Prev Pub Am Assoc Cancer Res Cosponsored Am Soc Prev Oncol 15(3):517–523. doi:10.1158/1055-9965.epi-05-0863

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. McMillen RC, Gottlieb MA, Shaefer RM et al (2014) Trends in electronic cigarette use among U.S. adults: use is increasing in both smokers and nonsmokers nicotine & tobacco research. Off J Soc Res Nicot Tob. doi:10.1093/ntr/ntu213

  19. McNeill A, Brose LS, Calder R et al. (2015). E-cigarettes: an evidence update. A report commissioned by Public Health England. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/e-cigarettes-an-evidence-update. Accessed 28 Aug 2015

  20. McRobbie H, Bullen C, Hartmann-Boyce J et al (2014) Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation and reduction. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 12:CD010216. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD010216.pub2

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  21. Office for National Statistics UK (2014) Adult smoking habits in Great Britain. Opinions and Lifestyle Survey. http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/dcp171778_386291.pdf. Accessed 25 June 2015

  22. Primack BA, Soneji S, Stoolmiller M et al (2015) Progression to Traditional Cigarette Smoking After Electronic Cigarette Use Among US Adolescents and Young Adults. JAMA Pediatr. Published online September 08, 2015. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.1742

  23. Richard J-B, Beck F, Gautier A et al (2015) Méthodologie du Baromètre santé 2014. French Institute for Health Promotion and Health Education (INPES). http://www.inpes.sante.fr/CFESBases/catalogue/pdf/1613.pdf. Accessed 25 June 2015

  24. Spilka S, Le Nézet O, Ngantcha M et al (2015) Consommation de tabac et usage de cigarette électronique à 17 ans. Bulletin épidémiologique hebdomadaire n°17–18. http://www.invs.sante.fr/beh/2015/17-18/pdf/2015_17-18_2.pdf. Accessed 25 June 2015

  25. World Health Organization (2013) WHO Report on the global tobacco epidemic, 2013. Enforcing bans on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship. http://www.apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/85380/1/9789241505871_eng.pdf. Accessed 25 June 2015

  26. World Health Organization (2014) Electronic nicotine delivery systems. Conference of the Parties to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. http://www.apps.who.int/gb/fctc/PDF/cop6/FCTC_COP6_10-en.pdf. Accessed 25 June 2015

Download references

Acknowledgments

Olivier Delmer for his help in the bibliographic research.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Raphaël Andler.

Additional information

This article is part of the special issue “Electronic Cigarettes and Public Health”.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Andler, R., Guignard, R., Wilquin, JL. et al. Electronic cigarette use in France in 2014. Int J Public Health 61, 159–165 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-015-0773-9

Download citation

Keywords

  • Electronic cigarette
  • e-cigarette
  • Dual use
  • Smoking
  • Cessation