International Journal of Public Health

, Volume 60, Issue 4, pp 467–478 | Cite as

Intimate partner violence: a study in men and women from six European countries

  • Diogo Costa
  • Joaquim Soares
  • Jutta Lindert
  • Eleni Hatzidimitriadou
  • Örjan Sundin
  • Olga Toth
  • Elli Ioannidi-Kapolo
  • Henrique BarrosEmail author
Original Article



We aimed to assess intimate partner violence (IPV) among men and women from six cities in six European countries.


Four IPV types were measured in a population-based multicentre study of adults (18–64 years; n = 3,496). Sex- and city-differences in past year prevalence were examined considering victims, perpetrators or both and considering violent acts’ severity and repetition.


Male victimization of psychological aggression ranged from 48.8 % (Porto) to 71.8 % (Athens) and female victimization from 46.4 % (Budapest) to 70.5 % (Athens). Male and female victimization of sexual coercion ranged from 5.4 and 8.9 %, respectively, in Budapest to 27.1 and 25.3 % in Stuttgart. Male and female victims of physical assault ranged from 9.7 and 8.5 %, respectively, in Porto, to 31.2 and 23.1 % in Athens. Male victims of injury were 2.7 % in Östersund and 6.3 % in London and female victims were 1.4 % in Östersund and 8.5 % in Stuttgart. IPV differed significantly across cities (p < 0.05). Men and women predominantly experienced IPV as both victims and perpetrators with few significant sex-differences within cities.


Results support the need to consider men and women as both potential victims and perpetrators when approaching IPV.


Intimate partner violence Europe Population-based 



The authors would like to thank all men and women who generously participated in the DOVE project in the different cities across Europe. This work was supported by the Executive Agency for Health and Consumers—European Commission [contract number: 20081310] and the Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia [SFRH/BD/66388/2009 and PTDC/SAU-SAP/122904/2010].

Conflicts of interest

None declared.

Supplementary material

38_2015_663_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (494 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 494 kb)


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Copyright information

© Swiss School of Public Health 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Diogo Costa
    • 1
    • 10
  • Joaquim Soares
    • 2
  • Jutta Lindert
    • 3
    • 4
  • Eleni Hatzidimitriadou
    • 5
    • 6
  • Örjan Sundin
    • 7
  • Olga Toth
    • 8
  • Elli Ioannidi-Kapolo
    • 9
  • Henrique Barros
    • 1
    • 10
    Email author
  1. 1.EPIUnit - Institute of Public HealthUniversity of PortoPortoPortugal
  2. 2.Institution for Health SciencesMid Sweden UniversitySundsvallSweden
  3. 3.University of EmdenEmdenGermany
  4. 4.Brandeis UniversityWalthamUSA
  5. 5.Faculty of Health and Social Care SciencesKingston UniversityLondonUK
  6. 6.St George’s, University of LondonLondonUK
  7. 7.Department of PsychologyMid Sweden UniversitySundsvallSweden
  8. 8.Institute of SociologyHungarian Academy of SciencesBudapestHungary
  9. 9.National School of Public Health AthensAthensGreece
  10. 10.Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Predictive Medicine and Public Health University of Porto Medical SchoolPorto Portugal

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