Intimate partner violence: a study in men and women from six European countries
- 1.1k Downloads
We aimed to assess intimate partner violence (IPV) among men and women from six cities in six European countries.
Four IPV types were measured in a population-based multicentre study of adults (18–64 years; n = 3,496). Sex- and city-differences in past year prevalence were examined considering victims, perpetrators or both and considering violent acts’ severity and repetition.
Male victimization of psychological aggression ranged from 48.8 % (Porto) to 71.8 % (Athens) and female victimization from 46.4 % (Budapest) to 70.5 % (Athens). Male and female victimization of sexual coercion ranged from 5.4 and 8.9 %, respectively, in Budapest to 27.1 and 25.3 % in Stuttgart. Male and female victims of physical assault ranged from 9.7 and 8.5 %, respectively, in Porto, to 31.2 and 23.1 % in Athens. Male victims of injury were 2.7 % in Östersund and 6.3 % in London and female victims were 1.4 % in Östersund and 8.5 % in Stuttgart. IPV differed significantly across cities (p < 0.05). Men and women predominantly experienced IPV as both victims and perpetrators with few significant sex-differences within cities.
Results support the need to consider men and women as both potential victims and perpetrators when approaching IPV.
KeywordsIntimate partner violence Europe Population-based
The authors would like to thank all men and women who generously participated in the DOVE project in the different cities across Europe. This work was supported by the Executive Agency for Health and Consumers—European Commission [contract number: 20081310] and the Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia [SFRH/BD/66388/2009 and PTDC/SAU-SAP/122904/2010].
Conflicts of interest
- Bangdiwala SI, Ramiro L, Sadowski LS, Bordin IA, Hunter W, Shankar V (2004) Intimate partner violence and the role of socioeconomic indicators in WorldSAFE communities in Chile, Egypt, India and the Philippines. Inj Control Saf Promot 11:101–109. doi: 10.1080/15660970412331292324 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Costa D, Soares JJ, Lindert J, Hatzidimitriadou E, Karlsso A, Sundin Ö, Toth O, Ioannidi-Kapolou E, Degomme O, Cervilla J, Barros H (2013) Intimate partner violence in Europe: design and methods of a multinational study. Gac Sanit 27:558–561. doi: 10.1016/j.gaceta.2013.03.001 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- EIGE (2013) Gender equality index—main findings. European Institute for Gender Equality, ItalyGoogle Scholar
- Ellsberg M, Jansen HA, Heise L, Watts CH, Garcia-Moreno C (2008) Intimate partner violence and women’s physical and mental health in the WHO multi-country study on women’s health and domestic violence: an observational study. Lancet 371:1165–1172. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(08)60522-X CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Johnson H, Ollus N, Nevala S (2008) Violence against women. An international perspective. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Krug EG, Dahlberg LL, Mercy JA, Zwi AB, Lozano R (2002) World report on violence and health. World Health Organization, GenevaGoogle Scholar
- Lindert J, Luna J, Torres-Gonzalez F, Barros H, Ioannidi-Kapolou E, Quattrini S, Stankunas M, Soares JJ (2012) Study design, sampling and assessment methods of the European study ‘abuse of the elderly in the European region’. Eur J Public Health 22:662–666. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/ckr079 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Lindert J, de Luna J, Torres-Gonzales F, Barros H, Ioannidi-Kopolou E, Melchiorre MG, Stankunas M, Macassa G, Soares JF (2013) Abuse and neglect of older persons in seven cities in seven countries in Europe: a cross-sectional community study. Int J Public Health 58:121–132. doi: 10.1007/s00038-012-0388-3 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Priebe S, Matanov A, Barros H, Canavan R, Gabor E, Greacen T, Holcnerová P, Kluge U, Nicaise P, Moskalewicz J, Díaz-Olalla JM, Strassmayr C, Schene AH, Soares JJ, Tulloch S, Gaddini A (2013) Mental health-care provision for marginalized groups across Europe: findings from the PROMO study. Eur J Public Health 23:97–103. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/ckr214 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Riggs DS, Caulfield MB, Street AE (2000) Risk for domestic violence: factors associated with perpetration and victimization. J Clin Psychol 56:1289–1316. doi: 10.1002/1097-4679(200010)56:10%3C1289:AID-JCLP4%3E3.0.CO;2-Z CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Straus MA, Hamby SL, Warren WL (2003) The conflict tactics scales handbook. Revised conflict tactics scales (CTS2). CTS: parent-child version (CTSPC). Western Psychological Services, Los AngelesGoogle Scholar
- WHO (2013) Global and regional estimates of violence against women: prevalence and health effects of intimate partner violence and nonpartner sexual violence. World Health Organization, GenevaGoogle Scholar