Long-term dynamics in physical activity behaviour across the transition to parenthood
- 316 Downloads
Gaining a deeper understanding of the dynamic relationships between the transition to parenthood and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) amongst men and women in Australia.
12 years of nationally representative panel data from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia Survey and a piecewise pre/post fixed-effect modelling strategy that controls for person-specific unobserved effects and allows for non-linear associations are used.
Both men and women decrease the frequency of MVPA in the years preceding the birth of their first child. An abrupt fall amongst men and a smooth, non-linear decreasing trend amongst women are apparent in the post-birth years. Neither men nor women recover their pre-birth MVPA frequency in subsequent years.
Parenthood is an important factor influencing MVPA, with more marked impacts on women’s than men’s behaviour. Policymakers interested in promoting MVPA should focus on parenthood as a critical deterring factor that can trigger long-term trends of low MVPA. The proposed model can be expanded to explore the influence on MVPA of other life-course transitions.
KeywordsModerate-to-vigorous physical activity Life-course transitions Parenthood Gender Health promotion Prospective analysis
We are thankful for useful comments and suggestions by two anonymous referees. This paper uses unit record data from the HILDA Survey. The HILDA Project was initiated and is funded by the Australian Government Department of Social Services (DSS) and is managed by the Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research (Melbourne Institute). The findings and views reported in this paper, however, are those of the authors and should not be attributed to either DSS or the Melbourne Institute.
- Allison P (2009) Fixed Effects Regression Models. Sage, LondonGoogle Scholar
- Barnett I, van Sluijs E, Ogilvie D, Wareham NJ (2014) Changes in household, transport and recreational physical activity and television viewing time across the transition to retirement: longitudinal evidence from the EPIC-Norfolk cohort. J Epidemiol Community Health 68:747–753. doi: 10.1136/jech-2013-203225 CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Craig L (2007) Contemporary motherhood: the impact of children on adult time. Ashgate, AldershotGoogle Scholar
- Hansen BH, Ommundsen Y, Holme I, Kolle E, Anderssen SA (2014) Correlates of objectively measured physical activity in adults and older people: a cross-sectional study of population-based sample of adults and older people living in Norway. Int J Public Health 59:221–230. doi: 10.1007/s00038-013-0472-3 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Haynes M, Baxter J, Hewitt B, Western M (2010) Marital status transitions and domestic labour: a multiprocess, multilevel approach. Paper presented at the Annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Atlanta, USAGoogle Scholar
- Mann KD, Hayes L, Basterfield L, Parker L, Pearce MS (2013) Differing lifecourse associations with sport-, occupational- and household-based physical activity at age 49-51 years: the newcastle thousand families study. Int J Public Health 58:79–88. doi: 10.1007/s00038-012-0392-7 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Watson N, Wooden M (2012) The HILDA Survey: a case study in the design and development of a successful household panel study. Longitud Life Course Stud 3:369–381Google Scholar
- Wooldridge J (2010) Econometric analysis of cross section and panel data, 2nd edn. MIT Press, LondonGoogle Scholar