Status of the diabetes epidemic in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, 2013
- 1.1k Downloads
In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), current data on diabetes are lacking, and a rise of the epidemic is feared, given the epidemiologic transition in the country. To inform public health authorities on the current status of the diabetes epidemic, we analyzed data from the Saudi Health Interview Survey (SHIS).
Saudi Health Interview Survey is a cross-sectional national multistage survey of individuals aged 15 years or older. A total of 10,735 participants completed a health questionnaire and were invited to the local health clinics for biomedical exams.
1,745,532 (13.4 %) Saudis aged 15 years or older have diabetes. Among those, 57.8, 20.2, 16.6, and 5.4 % are undiagnosed, treated uncontrolled, treated controlled, and untreated, respectively. Males, older individuals, and those who were previously diagnosed with hypertension or hypercholesterolemia were more likely to be diabetic.
Our findings call for increased awareness of pre-diabetes, diabetes, and undiagnosed diabetes in KSA. Combatting diabetes and other non-communicable diseases should be the task of the Ministry of Health and other ministries as well, to offer a comprehensive socio-cultural approach to fighting this epidemic.
KeywordsSaudi Arabia Diabetes Survey Undiagnosed Screening
- Alberti Kgmm, Zimmet Pz (1998) Definition, diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus and its complications. Part 1: diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus. Provisional report of a WHO Consultation. Diabet Med 15:539–553. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1096-9136(199807)15:7<539:AID-DIA668>3.0.CO;2-S PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Harris MI, Eastman RC (2000) Early detection of undiagnosed diabetes mellitus: a US perspective. Diabetes Metab Res Rev 16:230–236. doi: 10.1002/1520-7560(2000)9999:9999<:AID-DMRR122>3.0.CO;2-W PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kalyani RR, Saudek CD, Brancati FL, Selvin E (2010) Association of diabetes, comorbidities, and A1C with functional disability in older adults results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 1999–2006. Diabetes Care 33:1055–1060. doi: 10.2337/dc09-1597 PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Ministry of Health (2005) Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, in collaboration with WHO (2005) Ministry of Health, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, in collaboration with, World Health Organization. EMRO, Country-Specific standard report Saudi ArabiaGoogle Scholar
- Ministry of Health, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (2013) Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Projected Population 2013Google Scholar
- Ministry of Health, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (2014) National Program for Diabetes Awareness. http://sahsehlo.moh.gov.sa/Pages/Home.aspx
- NHANES (2009) National Heatlth and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Health Tech/Blodd Pressure Procedures Manual. Centers for Disease Control and PreventionGoogle Scholar
- Secretariat General (2012) The Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf. http://www.gcc-sg.org/eng/
- WHO EMRO (2012) International Conference on healthy Lifestyles and noncomunicable diseases in the arab world and the middle east. The Riyadh DeclarationGoogle Scholar
- WHO (2014) WHO Diabetes: the cost of diabetes. In: WHO. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs236/en/. Accessed 22 May 2014
- WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean (2012) International conference on healthy lifestyles and noncommunicable diseases in the Arab world and the Middle East, Riyadh, 10–12 September 2012. Riyadh, Saudi ArabiaGoogle Scholar
- WHO/FAO Expert Consultation (2003) Diet, nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases. World Health Organ Tech Rep Ser 916:i–viii, 1–149, backcoverGoogle Scholar