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International Journal of Public Health

, Volume 59, Issue 2, pp 351–358 | Cite as

Non-therapeutic male circumcision performed on immigrant children from Africa in Spain

  • Rosa Maria Macipe-CostaEmail author
  • Nuria García-Sanchez
  • Luis Andrés Gimeno-Feliu
  • Beatriz Navarra-Vicente
  • Juan Manuel Jiménez-Hereza
  • Isabel Moneo-Hernández
  • Jose Antonio Castillo-Laita
  • Pilar Lobera-Navaz
Original Article

Abstract

Objectives

To study the frequency, characteristics, and complications of non-therapeutic male circumcision on immigrant children from Africa in Spain.

Methods

This descriptive study focused on primary care consultations conducted at 21 Aragon health centres during 2010 and 2011. The data were gathered through interviewer-administered questionnaires to the parents of African children. Sociodemographic variables were studied, along with others related to the practice of circumcision.

Results

283 questionnaires were obtained. 98.93 % of the children had undergone or were planning to undergo circumcision. 68.2 % were circumcised. Circumcisions were most frequently performed during a vacation to the country of origin (67.04 %), especially so for the Maghreb population. The remaining circumcisions had been performed in Spain. Half of the circumcisions practiced in Spain were performed at home, and 84 % of these were performed on Gambian children.

Conclusions

The current study demonstrates that, in Aragon, Spain, almost all immigrant children from Africa have been or will be circumcised and that a considerable proportion has been circumcised at home by unqualified individuals. Gambians are particularly at risk of performing unsafe circumcision.

Keywords

Child Child, preschool Africa Circumcision, male Spain Culture Emigration and immigration 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The following individuals collaborated on this study: José Galbe Sánchez Ventura, Mª Jesús Cabañas Bravo, Patrocinio Larripa Cadenas, María García Mínguez, Judith Campo Sanchez, Mª Eugenia Vargas Royo, Blanca Laclaustra Mendizábal, Maite Jiménez Fernández, Juan José Lasarte Velillas, Pilar Lalana Josa, Fernando Guirado Giménez, Ana Luz Garín Moreno, Ethel Gracia Cervero, Marta Ortillés García, Josefina Caro Rebollo, Andrés Ruiz Pardos, César Garcia Vera, Sheila Miralbés Terraza, María Tapia Ruiz and Juan Carlos Pascual Navarro.

This article was financed with the ‘Jose Mª Mengual Mur’ grant of the Foundation for the Progress of Paediatrics of the Paediatric Society of Aragon, La Rioja, and Soria (la Fundación para el Progreso de la Pediatría de la Sociedad de Pediatría de Aragón, La Rioja y Soria–SPARS) in the year 2010.

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Copyright information

© Swiss School of Public Health 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rosa Maria Macipe-Costa
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nuria García-Sanchez
    • 2
  • Luis Andrés Gimeno-Feliu
    • 3
  • Beatriz Navarra-Vicente
    • 4
  • Juan Manuel Jiménez-Hereza
    • 5
  • Isabel Moneo-Hernández
    • 6
  • Jose Antonio Castillo-Laita
    • 1
  • Pilar Lobera-Navaz
    • 7
  1. 1.Fuentes de Ebro Health Centre (Centro de Salud Fuentes de Ebro)Aragon Health Service (Servicio Aragonés de la Salud)SaragossaSpain
  2. 2.Delicias Sur Health Centre (Centro de Salud Delicias Sur)Aragon Health Service (Servicio Aragonés de la Salud)SaragossaSpain
  3. 3.San Pablo Health Centre (Centro de Salud San Pablo)Aragon Health Service (Servicio Aragonés de la Salud)SaragossaSpain
  4. 4.Nuestra Señora del Pilar HospitalSaragossaSpain
  5. 5.Pirineos Health Centre (Centro de Salud Pirineos)Aragon Health Service (Servicio Aragonés de la Salud)SaragossaSpain
  6. 6.Fuentes Norte Health Centre (Centro de Salud Fuentes Norte)Aragon Health Service (Servicio Aragonés de la Salud)SaragossaSpain
  7. 7.Bombarda Health Centre (Centro de Salud Bombarda)Aragon Health Service (Servicio Aragonés de la Salud)SaragossaSpain

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