Linking ecosystem services and human health: the Eco-Health Relationship Browser
- 1.4k Downloads
Ecosystems provide multiple services, many of which are linked to positive health outcomes. Review objectives were to identify the set of literature related to this research topic, and to design an interactive, web-based tool highlighting the weight of evidence, thus making the information more accessible.
A systematic review was conducted to create the Eco-Health Relationship Browser (http://www.epa.gov/research/healthscience/browser/introduction.html). The search was conducted in four stages utilizing Google Scholar, PubMed and Science Direct, targeted journals, and targeted keywords; search results were limited to peer-reviewed journal articles published in English from 1 January 1990 to 31 December 2012.
The review identified 344 relevant articles; a subset of 169 articles was included in the Browser. Articles retrieved during the search focused on the buffering and health-promotional aspects of ecosystem services. Landscape and Urban Planning, Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, and Health and Place yielded the most articles relevant to this search.
Results from the systematic review were used to populate the Browser, which organizes the diverse literature and allows users to visualize the numerous connections between ecosystem services and human health.
KeywordsHuman health Ecosystem services Green space Systematic review Urban ecosystem Well-being
This work was supported by US EPA Contracts EP-10-D-000808, EP-11-D-000186, and EP-11-D-000529; and Cooperative Agreement Number X3-83388101 between the US Environmental Protection Agency and the Association of the Schools of Public Health. The findings and conclusions of this publication do not necessarily represent the official views of EPA or ASPH. We would like to recognize the contribution of several individuals who reviewed the Browser during the beta-testing stage of development.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
- Bealey WJ, McDonald AG, Nemitz E, Donovan R, Dragosits U, Duffy TR, Fowler D (2006) Estimating the reduction of urban PM10 concentrations by trees within an environmental information system for planners. J Environ Manag 85(1):44–58Google Scholar
- CDC 2011. Healthy places terminology. http://www.cdc.gov/healthyplaces/terminology.htm. Accessed December 2011
- Cole DN, Hall TE (2010) Experiencing the restorative components of wilderness environments: does congestion interfere and does length of exposure matter? Environ Behav 42(6):806–823Google Scholar
- Kaplan R, Kaplan S (1989) The experience of nature. A psychological perspective. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
- Kellert R, Wilson EO (1993) The Biophilia Hypothesis. Island Press, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
- Lachowycz K, Jones A (2012) Towards a better understanding of the relationship between greenspace and health: development of a theoretical framework. Landsc Urban Plan. doi: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2012.10.012
- Lee J, Park BJ et al (2011) Effect of forest bathing on physiological and psychological responses in young Japanese male subjects. Public Health 125(2):93–100Google Scholar
- Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MEA) (2005) Ecosystems and human well-being: synthesis. Island Press, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
- Pullman M (2009) Conifer PM2.5 deposition and re-Suspension in wind and rain events. Master’s thesis, Cornell University, IthacaGoogle Scholar
- Thompson Coon J, Boddy K, Stein K, Whear R, Barton J, Depledge MH (2011) Does participating in physical activity in outdoor natural environments have a greater effect on physical and mental wellbeing than physical activity indoors? A systematic review. Environ Sci Technol 45:1761–1772PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Villeneuve PJ, Jerrett M, Su JG, Burnett RT, Chen H, Wheeler AJ, Goldberg MS (2012) A cohort study relating urban green space with mortality in Ontario, Canada. Environ Res. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2012.03.003
- Zanobetti A, O’Neill MS, Gronlund CJ, Schwartz JD (2012) Summer temperature variability and long-term survival among elderly people with chronic disease. PNAS. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1113070109