On age-specific variations in income-related inequalities in diabetes, hypertension and obesity
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This article examines whether the social health gradients in diabetes, hypertension and obesity for men and women vary significantly across different age groups.
We use a pooled sample of German survey data from the years 2002 and 2006 with a total of 87,601 observations. We employ a varying Wagstaff index derived from the class of Gini-type concentration indices to estimate age-specific income-related health inequalities.
We find significant health disadvantages among poor women in mid-age, but no significant age-specific income-related health inequalities among men. Some leveling of inequalities in diabetes is observed.
The results suggest that variations in age-specific inequalities are unlikely to be a purely artificial result of health-related selection into retirement or mortality.
KeywordsGermany Life course perspective Age-specific inequality Obesity Hypertension Diabetes
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