International Journal of Public Health

, Volume 57, Issue 2, pp 363–369 | Cite as

Health, migration and border management: analysis and capacity-building at Europe’s borders

  • Jennifer Hollings
  • Mariya Samuilova
  • Roumyana Petrova-Benedict
Original Article

Abstract

Objectives

Three key elements were analysed in Hungary, Poland and Slovakia as a basis for strengthening the capacity of staff and structures related to health, migration and border management: public health concerns linked to migration, health needs and rights of migrants and the occupational health of staff.

Methods

This IOM project was implemented through an in-depth situation analysis as well as the development of training modules and public health guidelines.

Results

Findings indicate a paucity of existing data, gaps in the health care for migrants and few existing tools for border officials and health professionals. Sets of training modules were developed for each of these groups, including common modules on migration and the right to health and intercultural communication, as well as targeted health modules. The guidelines promote good practices in the context of border management and detention.

Conclusions

The EU is working towards a common immigration policy and integrated border management; however, a harmonized approach to migration and health is still lacking. Further research and piloting of the developed materials is needed to fully establish an adaptable, common toolkit.

Keywords

Migrant health Public health Occupational health European Union Border management Detention 

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Copyright information

© Swiss School of Public Health 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jennifer Hollings
    • 1
  • Mariya Samuilova
    • 2
  • Roumyana Petrova-Benedict
    • 2
  1. 1.International Organization for Migration (IOM), Regional Office for the EEA, the EU and NATOBrusselsBelgium
  2. 2.Migration Health DivisionInternational Organization for Migration (IOM), Regional Office for the EEA, the EU and NATOBrusselsBelgium

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