Advertisement

International Journal of Public Health

, Volume 57, Issue 2, pp 437–441 | Cite as

Associations between problematic mobile phone use and psychological parameters in young adults

  • Christoph AugnerEmail author
  • Gerhard W. Hacker
Brief Report

Abstract

Objectives

This study aims to address possible associations between excessive or dysfunctional use of mobile phones and certain psychological variables.

Methods

Our study focuses on Problematic Mobile Phone Use (PU) in 196 young adults. A survey was arranged to measure PU, daily mobile phone use in minutes, use of short message service (SMS) and also included psychological and health variables (e.g., chronic stress, depression).

Results

Statistic analysis indicates that chronic stress, low emotional stability, female gender, young age, depression, and extraversion are associated with PU.

Conclusions

Future research needs to clarify the causality of these findings and should also intend to develop concepts for a more meaningful use of mobile phone and related technologies.

Keywords

Mobile phone Behavior Occupational health Well-being 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to sincerely thank the participating schools and students for their fruitful cooperation and Dr. Ilse Jekel for her technical help.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

References

  1. Addison CC, Campbell-Jenkins BW, Sarpong DF (2007) Psychometric Evaluation of a Coping Strategies Inventory Short-Form (CSI-SF) in the Jackson Heart Study Cohort. Int J Environ Res and Public Health 4:289–295CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. American Psychological Association (2002) Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct. http://www.apa.org/ethics. Accessed 22 June 2009
  3. Augner C, Hacker GW (2009) Are people living next to mobile phone base stations more strained? Relationships of health concerns, self-estimated distance to base station, and psychological parameters. Indian J Occup Environ Med 13:141–145PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Augner C, Florian M, Pauser G, Oberfeld G, Hacker GW (2009) GSM base stations: short-term effects on well-being. Bioelectromagnetics 30:73–80PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Batthyany D, Müller KW, Benker F, Wölfling K (2009) Computer game playing: clinical characteristics of dependence and abuse among adolescents. Wien Klin Wochenschr 121:501–509CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bianchi A, Phillips JG (2005) Psychological predictors of problem mobile phone use. Cyberpsychol Behav 8:39–51PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Carbonell X, Guardiola E, Beranuy M, Bellés A (2009) A bibliometric analysis of the scientific literature on Internet, video games, and cell phone addiction. J Med Libr Assoc 97:102–107PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gosling SD, Rentfrow PJ, Swann jr WB (2003) A very brief measure of the Big-Five personality domains. J Res Pers 37:504–528CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hölling H, Schlack R (2007) Eating Disorder in children and adolescents. Article in German: Essstörungen im Kindes- und Jugendalter. Erste Ergebnisse aus dem Kinder- und Jugendgesundheitssurvey (KiGGS). Bundesgesundheitsbl Gesundheitsforsch Gesundheitsschutz 5(6):794–799Google Scholar
  10. Koivusilta LK, Lintonen TP, Rimpelä AH (2007) Orientation in adolescent use of information and communication technology: a digital divide by sociodemographic background, educational career, and health. Scand J Public Health 35:95–103PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Laux L, Glanzmann P, Schaffner P, Spielberger CD (1970) The State-Trait-Anxiety Questionnaire. Handbook in German: Das State-Trait-Angstinventar. Hogrefe, GoettingenGoogle Scholar
  12. Lowe B, Spitzer RL, Grafe K, Kroenke K, Quenter A, Zipfel S, Buchholz C, Witte S, Herzog W (2004) Comparative validity of three screening questionnaires for DSM-IV depressive disorders and physicians’ diagnoses. J Affect Disord 78:131–140PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Merlo LJ, Stone AM (2009) Poster: comorbidity of anxiety symptoms and cellular phone. Department of Psychiatry, University of Florida, GainesvilleGoogle Scholar
  14. Sanchez-Carbonell X, Beranuy M, Castellana M, Chamarro A, Oberst U (2008) La adicción a Internet y al móvil: moda o trastorno? [Article in Spanish, English abstract available]. Adicciones 20(2):149–160PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Sanchez-Martinez M, Otero A (2009) Factors associated with cell phone use in adolescents in the community of Madrid (Spain). Cyberpsychol Behav 12:131–137PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Schulz P, Schlotz W, Becker P (2004) TICS Trier Chronic Stress Inventory. Handbook in German: TICS Trierer Inventar zum chronischen Stress. Hogrefe, GoettingenGoogle Scholar
  17. Stone AM, Merlo LJ (2009) Poster: Use of cellular phones to manage difficult social interations. Department of Psychiatry, University of Florida, GainesvilleGoogle Scholar
  18. Takao M, Takahashi S, Kitamura M (2009) Addictive personality and problematic mobile phone use. Cyberpsychol Behav 12:501–507PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Tokola K, Kurttio P, Salminen T, Auvinen A (2008) Reducing overestimation in reported mobile phone use associated with epidemiological studies. Bioelectromagnetics 29(7):559–563PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Van den Bulck J (2003) Letter to the editor: text messaging as a cause of sleep interruption in adolescents, evidence from a cross-sectional study. J Sleep Res 12:263PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki (1997) Recommendations guiding physicians in biomedical research involving human subjects. JAMA 277:925–926CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Yang YS, Yen JY, Ko CH, Cheng CP, Yen CF (2010) The association between problematic cellular phone use and risky behaviors and low self-esteem among Taiwanese adolescents. BMC Public Health 10:217–223PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Swiss School of Public Health 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IGGMB Research Institute for Basic and Frontier Questions of Medicine and Biotechnology, Health Research Institute, Salzburg Federal Hospital (SALK)University Clinics of the Paracelsus Medical UniversitySalzburgAustria

Personalised recommendations