International Journal of Public Health

, Volume 55, Issue 3, pp 167–175 | Cite as

Differences in tobacco use between Canada and the United States

  • Antwan JonesEmail author
  • Angelika Gulbis
  • Elizabeth H. Baker
Original Article



This study explores differences in who smokes (smoker type) and exposure to smoking (pack-years) between Canada and the US. Both countries have policies to limit the number of smokers and smoking-related deaths.


This research uses The Joint Canada/United States Survey of Health (JCUSH) and employs multinomial logistic regression and ordinary least squares regression.


In Canada, native-born, young, White males without a degree, with poor health and who had been previously married predominate in smoking. This profile is the same for the US. However, different characteristics predict exposure to smoking for the two countries. Native-born males without a degree, with poor health and who had been previously married smoked more cigarettes per day in Canada. For the US, younger individuals smoked more cigarettes per day.


If countries want to focus on limiting the number of new cases of smokers, the target population is different from the target population that should be used if countries are interested in converting smokers into non-smokers, based on the demographic analyses presented.


Canada Pack-years Smoking Tobacco United States 



A previous version of this paper was presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association on August 12, 2007. This research was supported in part by a grant from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development to the Center for Family and Demographic Research at Bowling Green State University (R24HD050959-01).

Conflict of interest statement

There are no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel/Switzerland 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antwan Jones
    • 1
    Email author
  • Angelika Gulbis
    • 2
  • Elizabeth H. Baker
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of SociologyThe George Washington UniversityWashingtonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Sociology and Center for Family and Demographic ResearchBowling Green State UniversityBowling GreenUSA
  3. 3.Department of Sociology and Population Research InstitutePennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

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