Circuits, Systems, and Signal Processing

, Volume 37, Issue 5, pp 1807–1824 | Cite as

Oscillation-Based DFT for Second-Order Bandpass OTA-C Filters

  • Masood-ul Hasan
  • Yanqing Zhu
  • Yichuang Sun


This paper describes a design for testability technique for second-order bandpass operational transconductance amplifier and capacitor (OTA-C) filters using an oscillation-based test topology. The oscillation-based test structure is a vectorless output test strategy easily extendable to built-in self-test. The proposed methodology converts filter under test into a quadrature oscillator using very simple techniques and measures the output frequency. Using feedback loops with nonlinear block, the filter to oscillator conversion techniques easily convert the bandpass OTA-C filter into an oscillator. With a minimum number of extra components, the proposed scheme requires a negligible area overhead. The validity of the proposed method has been verified using comparison between faulty and fault-free simulation results of Tow-Thomas and KHN OTA-C filters. Simulation results in 0.25 \(\upmu \)m CMOS technology show that the proposed oscillation-based test strategy for OTA-C filters is suitable for catastrophic and parametric faults testing and also effective in detecting single and multiple faults with high fault coverage.


Analog circuit testing Built-in self-test Oscillation-based test (OBT) Operational transconductance amplifier and capacitor (OTA-C) filters 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Electrical and Information EngineeringHunan UniversityChangshaChina
  2. 2.School of Engineering and TechnologyUniversity of HertfordshireHatfieldUK

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