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Non-Archimedean Probability


We propose an alternative approach to probability theory closely related to the framework of numerosity theory: non-Archimedean probability (NAP). In our approach, unlike in classical probability theory, all subsets of an infinite sample space are measurable and only the empty set gets assigned probability zero (in other words: the probability functions are regular). We use a non-Archimedean field as the range of the probability function. As a result, the property of countable additivity in Kolmogorov’s axiomatization of probability is replaced by a different type of infinite additivity.

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Correspondence to Vieri Benci.

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Benci, V., Horsten, L. & Wenmackers, S. Non-Archimedean Probability. Milan J. Math. 81, 121–151 (2013).

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Mathematics Subject Classification (2010)

  • 60A05
  • 03H05


  • Probability
  • axioms of Kolmogorov
  • nonstandard models
  • fair lottery
  • non-Archimedean fields