## Abstract

Let $G_M$ be either the orthogonal group $O_M$ or the symplectic group $Sp_M$ over the complex field; in the latter case the non-negative integer $M$ has to be even. Classically, the irreducible polynomial representations of the group $G_M$ are labeled by partitions $\mu=(\mu_{1},\mu_{2},\,\ldots)$ such that $\mu^{\prime}_1+\mu^{\prime}_2\le M$ in the case $G_M=O_M$, or $2\mu^{\prime}_1\le M$ in the case $G_M=Sp_M$. Here $\mu^{\prime}=(\mu^{\prime}_{1},\mu^{\prime}_{2},\,\ldots)$ is the partition conjugate to $\mu$. Let $W_\mu$ be the irreducible polynomial representation of the group $G_M$ corresponding to $\mu$.

Regard $G_N\times G_M$ as a subgroup of $G_{N+M}$. Then take any irreducible polynomial representation $W_\lambda$ of the group $G_{N+M}$. The vector space $W_{\lambda}(\mu)={\rm Hom}_{\,G_M}( W_\mu, W_\lambda)$ comes with a natural action of the group $G_N$. Put $n=\lambda_1-\mu_1+\lambda_2-\mu_2+\ldots\,$. In this article, for any standard Young tableau $\varOmega$ of skew shape $\lm$ we give a realization of $W_{\lambda}(\mu)$ as a subspace in the $n$-fold tensor product $(\mathbb{C}^N)^{\bigotimes n}$, compatible with the action of the group $G_N$. This subspace is determined as the image of a certain linear operator $F_\varOmega (M)$ on $(\mathbb{C}^N)^{\bigotimes n}$, given by an explicit formula.

When $M=0$ and $W_{\lambda}(\mu)=W_\lambda$ is an irreducible representation of the group $G_N$, we recover the classical realization of $W_\lambda$ as a subspace in the space of all traceless tensors in $(\mathbb{C}^N)^{\bigotimes n}$. Then the operator $F_\varOmega\(0)$ may be regarded as the analogue for $G_N$ of the Young symmetrizer, corresponding to the standard tableau $\varOmega$ of shape $\lambda$. This symmetrizer is a certain linear operator on $\CNn$$(\mathbb{C}^N)^{\bigotimes n} $ with the image equivalent to the irreducible polynomial representation of the complex general linear group $GL_N$, corresponding to the partition $\lambda$. Even in the case $M=0$, our formula for the operator $F_\varOmega(M)$ is new.

Our results are applications of the representation theory of the twisted Yangian, corresponding to the subgroup $G_N$ of $GL_N$. This twisted Yangian is a certain one-sided coideal subalgebra of the Yangian corresponding to $GL_N$. In particular, $F_\varOmega(M)$ is an intertwining operator between certain representations of the twisted Yangian in $(\mathbb{C}^N)^{\bigotimes n}$.

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Nazarov, M. Representations of twisted Yangians associated with skew Young diagrams
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*Sel. math., New ser.* **10**, 71 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00029-004-0350-1

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00029-004-0350-1