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pure and applied geophysics

, Volume 154, Issue 3–4, pp 541–553 | Cite as

Asperity Distribution of the 1952 Great Kamchatka Earthquake and its Relation to Future Earthquake Potential in Kamchatka

  • J. M. Johnson
  • K. Satake

Abstract

—The 1952 Kamchatka earthquake is among the largest earthquakes of this century, with an estimated magnitude of M w = 9.0. We inverted tide gauge records from Japan, North America, the Aleutians, and Hawaii for the asperity distribution. The results show two areas of high slip. The average slip is over 3 m, giving a seismic moment estimate of 155×1020Nm, or M w = 8.8. The 20th century seismicity of the 1952 rupture zone shows a strong correlation to the asperity distribution, which suggests that the large earthquakes (M > 7) are controlled by the locations of the asperities and that future large earthquakes will also recur in the asperity regions.

Key words: Subduction zones, slip distribution, tsunamis. 

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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag Basel, 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. M. Johnson
    • 1
  • K. Satake
    • 2
  1. 1.Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.JP
  2. 2.Seismotectonics Section, Geological Survey of Japan, Tokyo, Japan.JP

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