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pure and applied geophysics

, Volume 152, Issue 1, pp 125–138 | Cite as

P- and S-Wave Site Response of the Seismic Network RESNOM Determined from Earthquakes of Northern Baja California, Mexico

  • R. R. Castro
  • RESNOM Working Group
Article

Abstract

—We determined the response to P- and S-wave incidence of the permanent stations of the seismic network of Baja California (RESNOM) using two independent methods. We selected 65 events with magnitudes between 2.2 and 4.8 and hypocentral distances ranging between 5 and 330 km. The site response of the ten stations analyzed was first estimated using average spectral ratios between the horizontal and the vertical components of motion (H/V ratios). As a second approach we performed a simultaneous inversion for source and site. In order to invert the spectral records to determine the site response, we made an independent estimate of the attenuation for two different source-station path regions. Then we corrected the spectral records for the attenuation effect before we made the inversion. Although the average H/V ratio of many sites is inside the error bars of the site response estimated with the spectral inversion, the spectral inversion tends to give higher values. For the S wave some sites show similar frequency of predominant peak when comparing the responses obtained with both methods. In contrast, for the P waves the H/V ratios disagree with the results of the inversion. In general, the site response of the stations is strongly frequency dependent for both P and S waves. We also found that the natural frequency of resonance of the sites is near 0.5 Hz for P and near 0.8 Hz for the S waves.

Key words: Site response, earthquakes of Baja California. 

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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser-Verlag Basel 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. R. Castro
    • 1
  • RESNOM Working Group
    • 1
  1. 1.División Ciencias de le Tierra, CICESE, Apartado Postal 2732, Ensenada, Baja California, México. Fax: (011-5261) 75 05 59, e-mail: raul@cicese.mxMX

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