Advertisement

Pure and Applied Geophysics

, Volume 171, Issue 7, pp 1283–1298 | Cite as

The Beni-Ilmane (North-Central Algeria) Earthquake Sequence of May 2010

  • A. K. Yelles-Chaouche
  • I. Abacha
  • F. Semmane
  • H. Beldjoudi
  • H. Djellit
Article

Abstract

Starting on 14 May 2010 and lasting several months, the village of Beni-Ilmane (Msila District, North-Central Algeria) and its surroundings were struck by an important seismic crisis marked by three successive moderate shocks (5.0 ≤ M d ≤ 5.2). This sequence of events caused severe damage in the Beni-Ilmane village and in the epicentral area. The poor quality of masonry construction and the cumulative effects of the large number of aftershock events played a key role in the destruction. To follow this earthquake sequence, 11 temporary seismic stations, in addition to the permanent stations of the Algerian seismic network, were deployed in the region. A representative set of well located aftershocks in the period of maximum activity (lasting 18 days) were selected. The horizontal distribution of the aftershocks shows two main earthquake clusters located near Beni-Ilmane village, one cluster oriented E–W and the other oriented NNE–SSW, crossing the first cluster at its eastern tip. The aftershocks distribution suggests that the three main shocks ruptured two distinct and adjacent fault segments of about 8 km length. The focal mechanisms of the first and third events, located in the NNE–SSW cluster, show near-vertical left-lateral strike-slip fault planes. In the second cluster, oriented E–W, focal mechanisms show a high-angle reverse fault. A field survey, initiated immediately after the first main shock, identified surface fissures generated by the three largest events in the sequence. The fissures, concentrated in a narrow area at the western termination of the NE–SW Jebel Choukchot anticline (location of Beni-Ilmane village), showed several orientations which were mainly related to gravity instabilities. The 2010 Beni-Ilmane earthquake sequence, located in the Bibans–Hodna Mountains transition zone, demonstrates that the Tellian Atlas–High Plateaus border region is an active seismic zone marked by moderate and possibly strong earthquakes; thus, a reevaluation of the seismic hazard in the region is needed.

Keywords

Beni-Ilmane Tellian chain earthquake sequence strike-slip fault high-angle reverse fault 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors gratefully acknowledge the local authorities for the support during this seismic crisis. We also thank all those people who participated in the installation and the maintenance of the portable station. Our special thanks to the Editor Tomas Fischer for his help and comments to improve the content of the paper. Thanks also to the anonymous reviewers for their useful comments and suggestions.

References

  1. Baldini, P. (1966), Notice explicative de la carte géologique au 1/50, 000 « TARMOUNT » feuille (140), Service géologique de l’Algérie, Alger.Google Scholar
  2. Benhallou, H. (1985), Les catastrophes sismiques de la région d’Echelif dans le contexte de la seismicité historique de l’Algérie, Thèse d’Etat. USTHB. Alger. 294 p.Google Scholar
  3. Benouar, D. (1994), The Melouza earthquake of 21 February 1960, Seismicity of Algeria and adjacent region during the twentieth century, Ann. Geofis. 37(4). 862 pp.Google Scholar
  4. Boudiaf, A. (1996), Etude sismotectonique de la région d’Alger et de la Kabylie (Algérie), PhD thesis, University of Montpellier, 274 p.Google Scholar
  5. Boughacha, M.S., Ouyed, M., Ayadi, A. and Benhallou, H. (2004), Seismicity and seismic hazard mapping of northern Algeria: Map of Maximum Calculated Intensities (MCI), J. Seismol. 8, 1–10.Google Scholar
  6. Bounif, A., Haessler, H. and Meghraoui, M. (1987), The Constantine (Northeast-Algeria) earthquake of October 27, 1985: surface ruptures and aftershocks study, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 85, 451–460.Google Scholar
  7. Bounif, A., Dorbath, C., Ayadi, A., Meghraoui, M., Beldjoudi, H., Laouami, N., Frogneux, M., Slimani, A., Alasset, J.P., Kherroubi, A., Oussadou, F., Chikh, M., Harbi, A., Larbes, S. and Maouche, S. (2004), The 21 May 2003 Zemmouri (Algeria) earthquake Mw 6.8: Relocation and aftershock sequence analysis, GRL. Vol. 31, L19606, doi: 10.1029/2004GL020586.
  8. Chevilly, F., Kieken, M. et Spengler, A. (1965), Carte géologique de la region Sidi-Aissa_Boughari, 1/200 000, Publication du service de la carte géologique de l’Algerie, Bulletin No 8.Google Scholar
  9. Doser, D.I., Keller, G.R., Harder, S., Miller, K.C. and Dial, P.J. (1997), Development of a lithospheric model and geophysical data base for North Africa, Department of Geological Sciences, University of Texas at Paso, TX 79968-0555, PL-TR-97-2136.Google Scholar
  10. Klein, F. (2002), User’s guide to HYPOINVERSE-2000, a Fortran program to solve for earthquake locations and magnitudes, USGS Open-File Report 02–171, vers. 1, p 123.Google Scholar
  11. Meghraoui, M. (1988), Géologie des zones sismiques du nord de l’Algérie. paléosismologie, tectonique active et synthèse sismotectonique, Thèse de Doctorat d’Etat, Université de Paris- Sud, 356 pp.Google Scholar
  12. Mokrane, A., Aït Messaoud, A., Sebaï, A., Menia, N., Ayadi, A. and Bezzeghoud, M. (1994), Les séismes en Algérie de 1365 à 1992, Publication du Center de Recherche en Astronomie, Astrophysique et Géophysique, supervised by Bezzeghoud, M., and Benhallou, H., Alger-Bouzaréah, 277 pp.Google Scholar
  13. Obert, D. (1981), Etude géologique des Babors orientaux (domaine tellien, Algérie). Thèse de Doctorat d’Etat, Université de Paris-VI, Mém. Sc. Terre 81–32, 635 pp.Google Scholar
  14. Research Group for Lithospheric Structure in Tunisia. (1992), The EGT’85 seismic experiment in Tunisia: a reconnaissance of the deep structures, Tectonophysics. 207, 245–267.Google Scholar
  15. Rivera L, Cisternas A (1991) Stress tensor and fault plane solutions for a population of earthquakes. Bull Seismol Soc Am 80: 600–614.Google Scholar
  16. Rothé, J.P. (1950), Les séismes de Kerrata et la séismicité de l’Algérie, Pub. Serv. Cartes. Géol. Algérie, 40 pp.Google Scholar
  17. Roussel, J. (1973), Les zones actives et la fréquence des séismes en Algérie 1716–1970, Bull. Soc. Hist. Natur. Afrique du Nord. 64(3), 211–227.Google Scholar
  18. Semmane, F., Abacha, I., Yelles-Chaouche, A. K., Haned, A., Beldjoudi, H., and Amrani, A. (2012), The earthquake swarm of December 2007 in the Mila region of northeastern Algeria, Nat Hazards, doi: 10.1007/s11069-012-0338-7.
  19. Sweeney, J.J., and Walter, R. (1998), Preliminary Definition of Geophysical Regions for the Middle East and North Africa, National Technical Information U.S. Department of Commerce 5285 Port Royal Rd., Springfield, VA 22161. UCRL-ID-132899.Google Scholar
  20. Waldhauser, F., and Ellsworth, W.L. (2000), A double-difference earthquake location algorithm: Method and application to the northern Hayward fault. Bull Seismol Soc Am 90, 1353–1368.Google Scholar
  21. Yelles-Chaouche, A.K.,,Djellit, H. and Hamdache M. (2003), The Boumerdes-Algiers (Algeria) earthquake of May 21st, 2003 (Mw: 6.8), CSEM/EMSC Newslett. 20, 3–5.Google Scholar
  22. Yelles, A.K., Boudiaf, A., Djellit, H., and Bracène, R. (2006), La tectonique active de la région nord algérienne. Comptes Rendus Géosciences. 338, 126–139.Google Scholar
  23. Yelles, A.K., Domzig, A., Deverchere, J., Bracene, R., Mercier de Lepinay, B., Strzerzynski, P., Bertrand, G., Boudiaf, A., Winter, T., Kherroubi, A., Le Roy P., and Djellit, H. (2009), Plio-Quaternary reactivation of the Neogene margin off NW Algiers, Algeria: the Khayr-Al-Din bank, Tectonophysics. 475, 98–116.Google Scholar
  24. Yelles-Chaouche A.K., Beldjoudi, H., Semmane, F., Kherroubi, A., Haned, S., Deramchi, A., Chaoui, F., Chouiref, A., and Allili, A. (2012), The two recent seismic events along the western central coastaline of Algeria (The Marsa and Beni Houa events) CRAAG internal field reports.Google Scholar
  25. Zazoun, R.S., Kadri, M.A., Cherigui, A., and Briedj, M. (2012), Le séisme du 14 Mai 2010 de Beni-Ilmane (M’sila, Algerie), (Ms = 5.2), Analyse des traces de surface. Bulletin du service Géologique National. Vol. 23, no 1, pp 85–101.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Basel 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. K. Yelles-Chaouche
    • 1
  • I. Abacha
    • 1
  • F. Semmane
    • 1
  • H. Beldjoudi
    • 1
  • H. Djellit
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre de Recherche en Astronomie Astrophysique et Géophysique, CRAAGAlgiersAlgeria

Personalised recommendations