Annales Henri Poincaré

, Volume 16, Issue 11, pp 2535–2568 | Cite as

Generalised Quantum Waveguides

Article

Abstract

We study general quantum waveguides and establish explicit effective Hamiltonians for the Laplacian on these spaces. A conventional quantum waveguide is an \({\epsilon}\) -tubular neighbourhood of a curve in \({\mathbb{R}^3}\) and the object of interest is the Dirichlet Laplacian on this tube in the asymptotic limit \({\epsilon\ll1}\). We generalise this by considering fibre bundles M over a complete d-dimensional submanifold \({B\subset\mathbb{R}^{d+k}}\) with fibres diffeomorphic to \({F\subset\mathbb{R}^k}\), whose total space is embedded into an \({\epsilon}\) -neighbourhood of B. From this point of view, B takes the role of the curve and F that of the disc-shaped cross section of a conventional quantum waveguide. Our approach allows, among other things, for waveguides whose cross sections F are deformed along B and also the study of the Laplacian on the boundaries of such waveguides. By applying recent results on the adiabatic limit of Schrödinger operators on fibre bundles we show, in particular, that for small energies the dynamics and the spectrum of the Laplacian on M are reflected by the adiabatic approximation associated with the ground state band of the normal Laplacian. We give explicit formulas for the accordingly effective operator on L2(B) in various scenarios, thereby improving and extending many of the known results on quantum waveguides and quantum layers in \({\mathbb{R}^3}\).

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© Springer Basel 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mathematisches InstitutEberhard Karls Universität TübingenTübingenGermany
  2. 2.CEREMADEUniverisité Paris-DauphineParis Cedex 16France

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