Journal of Geometry

, Volume 103, Issue 3, pp 457–474 | Cite as

Almost contact curves in normal almost contact 3-manifolds



We study almost contact curves in normal almost contact metric 3-manifolds satisfying \({\triangle{H} = \lambda{H}}\) or \({\triangle^\bot {H} = \lambda{H}}\) . Moreover we study almost contact curve of type AW(k) in normal almost contact metric 3-manifolds. We give natural equations of planar biminimal curves.

Mathematics Subject Classification (2010)

58E20 53C25 


Almost contact curves mean curvature vector fields curves of AW-type biminimal curves 


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Copyright information

© Springer Basel 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of ScienceYamagataJapan
  2. 2.Institute of Mathematical SciencesEwha Womans UniversitySeoulKorea

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