Molecular components and polarity of radial glial cells during cerebral cortex development

Abstract

Originating from ectodermal epithelium, radial glial cells (RGCs) retain apico-basolateral polarity and comprise a pseudostratified epithelial layer in the developing cerebral cortex. The apical endfeet of the RGCs faces the fluid-filled ventricles, while the basal processes extend across the entire cortical span towards the pial surface. RGC functions are largely dependent on this polarized structure and the molecular components that define it. In this review, we will dissect existing molecular evidence on RGC polarity establishment and during cerebral cortex development and provide our perspective on the remaining key questions.

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Acknowledgements

This work is supported by Children’s Mercy-Kansas City Children’s Research Institute. The authors would also like to acknowledge the editing services of the Medical Writing Center at Children’s Mercy-Kansas City for reviewing the manuscript.

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Correspondence to Pei-Shan Wang.

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Chou, F., Li, R. & Wang, P. Molecular components and polarity of radial glial cells during cerebral cortex development. Cell. Mol. Life Sci. 75, 1027–1041 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00018-017-2680-0

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Keywords

  • Radial glia
  • Embryonic neural stem cell
  • Cerebral cortex development
  • Neurogenesis
  • Epithelial polarity
  • Pseudostratified epithelium