Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences

, Volume 75, Issue 6, pp 1001–1012 | Cite as

Do anti-stroma therapies improve extrinsic resistance to increase the efficacy of gemcitabine in pancreatic cancer?

  • Chen Liang
  • Si Shi
  • Qingcai Meng
  • Dingkong Liang
  • Shunrong Ji
  • Bo Zhang
  • Yi Qin
  • Jin Xu
  • Quanxing Ni
  • Xianjun Yu
Review

Abstract

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is among the most devastating human malignancies, with approximately 20–30% of PDAC patients receiving the surgical resection with curative intent. Although many studies have focused on finding ideal “drug chaperones” that facilitate and/or potentiate the effects of gemcitabine (GEM) in pancreatic cancer, a significant benefit in overall survival could not be demonstrated for any of these combination therapies in PDAC. Given that pancreatic cancer is characterized by desmoplasia and the dual biological roles of stroma in pancreatic cancer, we reassess the importance of stroma in GEM-based therapeutic approaches in light of current findings. This review is focused on understanding the role of stromal components in the extrinsic resistance to GEM and whether anti-stroma therapies have a positive effect on the GEM delivery. This work contributes to the development of novel and promising combination GEM-based regimens that have achieved significant survival benefits for the patients with pancreatic cancer.

Keywords

Pancreatic cancer Gemcitabine Stroma Drug delivery Hyaluronan Nab-paclitaxel 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was jointly funded by the National Science Foundation for Distinguished Young Scholars of China (No. 81625016), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81372651, 81502031) and the Shanghai Sailing Program (No. 17YF1402500).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pancreatic and Hepatobiliary SurgeryFudan University Shanghai Cancer CenterShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of Oncology, Shanghai Medical CollegeFudan UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Pancreatic Cancer InstituteFudan UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China

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