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Interaction of aging-associated signaling cascades: Inhibition of NF-κB signaling by longevity factors FoxOs and SIRT1

Abstract.

Research on aging in model organisms has revealed different molecular mechanisms involved in the regulation of the lifespan. Studies on Saccharomyces cerevisiae have highlighted the role of the Sir2 family of genes, human Sirtuin homologs, as the longevity factors. In Caenorhabditis elegans, the daf-16 gene, a mammalian homolog of FoxO genes, was shown to function as a longevity gene. A wide array of studies has provided evidence for a role of the activation of innate immunity during aging process in mammals. This process has been called inflamm-aging. The master regulator of innate immunity is the NF-κB system. In this review, we focus on the several interactions of aging-associated signaling cascades regulated either by Sirtuins and FoxOs or NF-κB signaling pathways. We provide evidence that signaling via the longevity factors of FoxOs and SIRT1 can inhibit NF-κB signaling and simultaneously protect against inflamm-aging process.

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Correspondence to A. Salminen.

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Received 4 October 2007; received after revision 7 November 2007; accepted 9 November 2007

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Salminen, A., Ojala, J., Huuskonen, J. et al. Interaction of aging-associated signaling cascades: Inhibition of NF-κB signaling by longevity factors FoxOs and SIRT1. Cell. Mol. Life Sci. 65, 1049–1058 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00018-008-7461-3

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Keywords.

  • Aging
  • FoxO
  • NF-κB
  • sirtuins
  • inflamm-aging
  • inflammation