Swiss Journal of Geosciences

, Volume 111, Issue 1–2, pp 269–293 | Cite as

Subduction-related mafic to felsic magmatism in the Malayer–Boroujerd plutonic complex, western Iran

  • Reza Deevsalar
  • Ryuichi Shinjo
  • Jean P. Liégeois
  • Mohammad V. Valizadeh
  • Jamshid Ahmadian
  • Hadi Yeganehfar
  • Mamoru Murata
  • Iain Neill


The Malayer–Boroujerd plutonic complex (MBPC) in western Iran, consists of a portion of a magmatic arc built by the northeast verging subduction of the Neo-Tethys plate beneath the Central Iranian Microcontinent (CIMC). Middle Jurassic-aged felsic magmatic activity in MBPC is manifested by I-type and S-type granites. The mafic rocks include gabbroic intrusions and dykes and intermediate rocks are dioritic dykes and minor intrusions, as well as mafic microgranular enclaves (MMEs). MBPC Jurassic-aged rocks exhibit arc-like geochemical signatures, as they are LILE- and LREE-enriched and HFSE- and HREE-depleted and display negative Nb–Ta anomalies. The gabbro dykes and intrusions originated from metasomatically enriched garnet-spinel lherzolite [Degree of melting (fmel) ~ 15%] and exhibit negative Nd and positive to slightly negative εHf(T) (+ 3.0 to − 1.6). The data reveal that evolution of Middle Jurassic magmatism occurred in two stages: (1) deep mantle-crust interplay zone and (2) the shallow level upper crustal magma chamber. The geochemical and isotopic data, as well as trace element modeling, indicate the parent magma for the MBPC S-type granites are products of upper crustal greywacke (fmel: 0.2), while I-type granites formed by partial melting of amphibolitic lower crust (fmel: 0.25) and mixing with upper crustal greywacke melt in a shallow level magma chamber [Degree of mixing (fmix): 0.3]. Mixing between andesitic melt leaving behind a refractory dense cumulates during partial crystallization of mantle-derived magma and lower crustal partial melt most likely produced MMEs (fmix: 0.2). However, enriched and moderately variable εNd(T) (− 3.21 to − 4.33) and high (87Sr/86Sr)i (0.7085–0.7092) in dioritic intrusions indicate that these magmas are likely experienced assimilation of upper crustal materials. The interpretations of magmatic activity in the MBPC is consistent with the role considered for mantle-derived magma as heat and mass supplier for initiation and evolution of magmatism in continental arc setting, elsewhere.


Zagros Orogen Tethyan subduction zone setting Middle Jurassic Mantle melting Magma mixing Crustal anatexis 



R. D. would like to acknowledge the financial support of the Ministry of Science, Research and Technology of Iran. The authors thank the reviewers for their insightful comments. We also thank Professor Lentz for his constructive suggestions, and Professor Edwin Gnos for organising the reviews and efficient handling of the manuscript.

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Swiss Geological Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reza Deevsalar
    • 1
  • Ryuichi Shinjo
    • 2
  • Jean P. Liégeois
    • 3
  • Mohammad V. Valizadeh
    • 4
  • Jamshid Ahmadian
    • 5
  • Hadi Yeganehfar
    • 5
  • Mamoru Murata
    • 6
  • Iain Neill
    • 7
  1. 1.Department of GeologyTarbiat Modares UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Physics and Earth SciencesUniversity of the RyukyusOkinawaJapan
  3. 3.Geodynamics and Mineral ResourcesRoyal Museum for Central AfricaTervurenBelgium
  4. 4.Department of GeologyUniversity of TehranTehranIran
  5. 5.Department of GeologyPayame Noor University (PNU)TehranIran
  6. 6.Department of GeosciencesNaruto University of EducationNarutoJapan
  7. 7.School of Geographical and Earth SciencesUniversity of GlasgowGlasgowUK

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