Swiss Journal of Geosciences

, Volume 107, Issue 1, pp 101–112 | Cite as

2D geological–geophysical model of the Timok Complex (Serbia, SE Europe): a new perspective from aeromagnetic and gravity data

  • Snežana Ignjatović
  • Ivana Vasiljević
  • Milenko Burazer
  • Miodrag Banješević
  • Ivan Strmbanović
  • Vladica CvetkovićEmail author


The study reports new aeromagnetic and gravity data for the northern part of the Timok Magmatic Complex (TMC), East Serbia. The TMC is part of the Tethyan Eurasian metallogenic zone well known for hosting large copper and gold deposits. The complex formed by continuous volcanic activity 90–78 Ma ago, that developed in roughly three phases: Turonian andesites, Santonian–Campanian andesites/basaltic andesites (both mostly volcanic) and Campanian latites/monzonites (mostly shallow intrusive). The aeromagnetic measurements included acquiring total magnetic intensity data that were corrected for diurnal variations, leveling, microleveling, calculated normal field values, calculated anomaly values of total magnetic field intensity and reduction to the pole. The gravity measurements were carried out in an irregular grid with relative gravity values obtained using a Worden gravity meter. 2D modeling reveals that the subsurface extension of the Campanian Valja Strž pluton is ten times larger than it is indicated by its surface outcrops. This implies that the area south and southeast from the pluton can be interesting in terms of finding new porphyry systems. The model indicates that this intrusive body should not be considered as a deeply dissected pluton. This sheds new light onto its potential with respect to epithermal gold mineralization, as well. The model also suggests that there are larger non-exposed bodies of Santonian–Campanian volcanics and near-surface hydrothermally altered rocks than it is inferred from geological maps. The results of our study suggest that further interdisciplinary investigations in the TMC, in particular those integrating geophysics and geology, may have potential of advancing the existing exploration models.


Banatitic belt Geophysical survey Copper deposits 



This study was supported by the Serbian Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development (Projects Nos. 176016 and 33003). Special support was provided by the SCOPES Project (IZ73Z0-128089) funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation, which covered most of field expenses. CV thanks to the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts (Project Geodynamics).

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Copyright information

© Swiss Geological Society 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Snežana Ignjatović
    • 1
  • Ivana Vasiljević
    • 1
  • Milenko Burazer
    • 2
  • Miodrag Banješević
    • 3
  • Ivan Strmbanović
    • 4
  • Vladica Cvetković
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Faculty of Mining and GeologyUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  2. 2.NTC Geophysical DepartmentNIS-NaftagasBelgradeSerbia
  3. 3.Technical Faculty in BorUniversity of BelgradeBorSerbia
  4. 4.Avala Resources LtdBelgradeSerbia

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