Skip to main content


Log in

Histopathological features of murine systemic vasculitis caused by Candida albicans extract – an animal model of Kawasaki Disease

  • Original Paper
  • Published:
Inflammation Research Aims and scope Submit manuscript


Objective and Design: We examined the histopathological features of systemic vasculitis caused in mice by injection of a Candida albicans (C. albicans) extract and investigated the principal genetic roles in the development of vasculitis.

Materials and Methods: C. albicans extract was injected intraperitoneally for five consecutive days in the 1st and 5th weeks to CD-1, C57BL/6N, C3H/HeN, BALB/cAnN, DBA/2N and CBA/JN mice. At week 8, mice were killed, and histological examination was performed by light microscopy.

Results: Arteritis had developed in 66% of CD-1 mice. The extramural coronary arteries and aortic root close to the orifice of coronary arteries were most frequently involved. Histologically, the characteristic feature of the arteritis was proliferative and granulomatous inflammation accompanied by numerous macrophages, lymphocytes, plasma cells and neutrophils. Fibrocellular intimal thickening with destruction of the internal elastic lamina and media was also observed. Five mouse strains after injection of C. albicans extract were clearly classified into a resistant group (CBA/JN, DBA/2N and BALB/cAnN mice) and a sensitive group (C3H/HeN and C57BL/6N mice). The inbred mouse strains which showed the same histocompatibility-2 (H-2) haplotype exhibited a different susceptibility to development of vasculitis.

Conclusion: This arteritis murine model shows unique histological features that have not been observed in other animal vasculitis models and it most closely resembles Kawasaki disease in humans. The genetic control of susceptibility to induction of vasculitis by the C. albicans extract is dependent to the mouse strains, but is not linked to the H-2 loci.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to K. Takahashi.

Additional information

Received 5 July 2003; returned for revision 8 September 2003; accepted by M. Katori 3 October 2003

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Takahashi, K., Oharaseki, T., Wakayama, M. et al. Histopathological features of murine systemic vasculitis caused by Candida albicans extract – an animal model of Kawasaki Disease. Inflamm. res. 53, 72–77 (2004).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: