# Equality of two variable means revisited

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## Summary.

Let I be an interval,

$$f,g:I \to \mathbb{R}$$

be given continuous functions such that g(x)≠ 0 for xI and h(x) : =  f(x)/g(x) (xI) is strictly monotonic (thus invertible) on I. Let further μ be an increasing non-constant function on [0, 1]. We consider the function

$$M_{{f,g,\mu }} (x,y): = h^{{ - 1}} {\left( {\frac{{{\int\limits_0^1 {f(tx + (1 - t)y)d\mu (t)} }}} {{{\int\limits_0^1 {g(tx + (1 - t)y)d\mu (t)} }}}} \right)}(x,y \in I)$$

where the integrals are Riemann – Stieltjes ones. From the mean value theorem it follows that

$$\min \{ x,y\} \leqslant M_{{f,g,\mu }} (x,y) \leqslant \max \{ x,y\}$$

i.e. Mf, g, μ is a mean on I. With suitable choice of μ we can get from it the quasi-arithmetic mean weighted by a weight function, and also the Cauchy or difference mean.

The equality problem for these two classes of means has been solved in [22], [28]. The aim of this paper is twofold. First, we solve these equality problems in a unified way, second we get rid of the inconvenient conditions (vanishing or not vanishing of some functions) posed in the previous papers.

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## Author information

Authors

### Corresponding author

Correspondence to László Losonczi.

Manuscript received: October 20, 2004 and, in final form, April 20, 2005.

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Losonczi, L. Equality of two variable means revisited. Aequ. math. 71, 228–245 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00010-005-2817-3