The Impact of Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate on Cancer Progression
Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP), a widely used plasticizer, mainly serves as an additive to render polyvinyl chloride (PVC) soft and flexible. PVC plastics have become ubiquitous in our modern society. Yet, the leaching of DEHP from PVC-based consumables ultimately results in the deposition in certain tissues via inadvertent applications. Health risks for human populations exposed to DEHP has been assumed by studies on rodents and other species, including the DEHP-induced developmental dysregulation, reproductive impairments, tumorigenesis, and diseases in a transgenerational manner. In this review, we comprehensively summarize the accumulated literature regarding the multifaceted roles of DEHP in the activation of the nuclear receptors, the alteration of the redox homeostasis, epigenetic modifications and the acquisition of chemoresistance.
KeywordsDEHP Tumorigenesis Nuclear receptors Redox homeostasis Epigenetic modifications Chemoresistance
The study was financially supported by Grant nos. NSC102-2632-B-037-001-MY3, MOST105-2311-B-037-001 and MOST106-2320-B-037-012 from the National Science Council, Taiwan, Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan; KMU-TP103A17, KMU-TP104A3 and KMU-TP105A07 by the grant Aim for the Top Universities Grant; Grant nos. NSYSU-KMU105-P017 and NSYSU-KMU106-P019 from the NSYSU-KMU Joint Research Project, Kaohsiung Medical University, Taiwan.
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