Islamic Geometric Patterns in Higher Dimensions

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to develop the Islamic geometric patterns from planar coordinates to three or higher dimensions through their repeat units. We use historical plane methods, polygons in contact (PIC) and point-joined, in our deductive approaches. The mentioned approach makes use of a novel method of tessellation that generates 3D Islamic patterns called “interior polyhedral stellations”. The outputs showed that both the PIC and point-joined methods have strengths and weaknesses. Point-joined stellations are more efficient for regular repeat units and PIC is suitable for complex designs. These two methods can produce a large range of patterns and can be employed simultaneously. This study effectively answers the question regarding the gap between planar design from Muslim achievements and contemporary demands in modern art and architecture. We also propose techniques for constructing aperiodic three-dimension Islamic geometric patterns tessellation and two-point family.

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Moradzadeh, S., Nejad Ebrahimi, A. Islamic Geometric Patterns in Higher Dimensions. Nexus Netw J 22, 777–798 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00004-020-00486-0

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Keywords

  • Islamic ornaments
  • Geometric algorithm
  • Space tessellation
  • Dimensions
  • Symmetry