Toward the Interactive 3D Modelling Applied to Ponte Rotto in Rome
We present the first step of a research aimed at automating a driven interactive 3D modeling of an existing architectural object. The method is based on oriented multi-image spherical panoramas produced by stitching techniques. The photogrammetric process has two steps: the creation of a semi-automatic process to find homolog points in two panoramas; the creation of parametric definitions for an interactive modeling creating points, segments, and surfaces based on the plotted points in the first step. By connecting these two steps, the creation of the model will be automatic, as we indicate the necessary points in just one panoramic photo. The principals of multi-view geometry and epipolar geometry were applied to simplify the calculation in the first step in order to create an automatic identification of the correspondent points in the other panorama. The epipolar geometry is described by both analytical and graphical programming, implementing in the first case a C++ application and in the second case a Rhinoceros and Grasshopper application. A case study of the Ponte Rotto in Rome (Italy) is presented.
KeywordsPhotogrammetry Image-based modeling Panoramic photos 3D modelling Epipolar geometry Homolog points Polylines Spherical photogrammetry
- Fangi, Gabriele. 2007. The multi-image spherical panoramas as a tool for architectural survey. International Archives of Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences 36 (5/C53): 311–316.Google Scholar
- Fangi, Gabriele, Livia Piermattei and Wissam Wahbeh. 2013. Beni dell’UNESCO in Siria documentati metricamente prima della guerra con la tecnica della fotogrammetria sferica. Pp. 433-442 in Patrimoni e Siti UNESCO. Memoria, Misura e Armonia. Atti del XXXV Congresso Internazionale dei Docenti della Rappresentazione—Decimo Congresso UID, Mario Docci, ed.. Matera: Gangemi Editore.Google Scholar
- Luhmann, Thomas and Werner Tecklenburg. 2004. 3D object reconstruction from multiple-station panorama imagery. International Archives of Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences 34 (5/W16). (on CD-ROM). http://www.isprs.org/proceedings/XXXIV/5-W16/papers/PanoWS_Dresden2004_Luhmann_b.pdf, accessed 03 January 2015
- Pisa, Cecilia, Fabiana Zeppa and Gabriele Fangi. 2010. Spherical photogrammetry for cultural heritage. Pp. 3–6 in Proceeding of the Second Workshop on eHeritage and Digital Art Preservation, 25–29 October 2010, Florence, Italy. New York: ACM.Google Scholar
- Pëntinen, Petteri. 2004. On the geometrical quality of panoramic images. International Archives of Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences 35 (B5): 82–87.Google Scholar
- Szeliski, Richard. and Heung-Yeung Shum. 1997. Creating full view panoramic image mosaics and environment maps. Pp. 251–258 in Proceedings of SIGGRAPH 1997. http://research.microsoft.com/pubs/75673/Szeliski-SG97.pdf, accessed 02 January 2015.
- Szeliski, Richard. 1994. Image mosaicing for tele-reality applications. Cambridge Research Laboratory, Technical Report Series. http://www.hpl.hp.com/techreports/Compaq-DEC/CRL-94-2.pdf, accessed 02 January 2015.
- Torii, Akihiko and Atsushi Imiya. 2007. Computation of epipolar geometry and trifocal tensor from spherical images. Computer Vision Winter Workshop, St Lambrecht, Austria (on CD-ROM).Google Scholar
- Torii, Akihiko, Atsushi Imiya and Naoya Ohnishi, N., 2000. Two- and three-view geometry for spherical cameras. 6th Workshop on Omnidirectional Vision, Camera Network and Non-classical Cameras, Beijing, China (on CD-ROM).Google Scholar
- Wahbeh, Wissam. 2012. Architectural Digital Photogrammetry. Pp. 175–180 in Nexus Ph.D. Day: Relationships between Architecture And Mathematics. Milan: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
- Wahbeh, Wissam. 2013. Architectural Photogrammetry panoramic Image-Based Photogrammetry. Pp. 199–201 in Linee di Ricerca nell’area del Disegno, Contributi dalle tesi di dottorato. Laura Carlevaris, ed. Atti del X congresso UID, Matera 2013. Rome: Aracne editrice.Google Scholar