This article aims to explore some geometrical schemes that can be supposed to underlie the design of the mausoleum of Sheikh Zāhed-e Gīlāni, a monument dating back to fifteen century in northern Iran. The investigation shows that there are intricate geometrical relations among the elements composing the façade of the monument. An isosceles triangle and a regular octagon inscribed in a square, together with some other related lines, form the geometrical master diagram that determines the design of its façade. The findings of this research are compatible with the opinion that geometry played a decisive role in the Timurid/Turkmen style of architectural design.
Abol Ghāsemi, Latif. 2010. Hanjār-e Shekl Yābi-ye Me’māri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān (The Order of Creation of Form in Iranian Islamic Architecture, in Persian). In: Me’māri-ye Irān (Doure-ye Eslāmi) (The Architecture of Iran (Islamic period), Mohammad Yousof Kiāni, ed. Tehran: Samt.
Al-buzjāni, Abu Alvafā Muhammad. 1990. Hendesse-ye Irāni: Karbord-e Hendese Dar Amal (Iranian Geometry: Application of Geometry in Practice, in Persian). Edited and adapted into modern Persian by Alireza Jazbi. Tehran: Sorush.
Golombek Lisa, Donald Wilber (1988) The Timurid Architecture of Iran and Turan, 2 vols. Princeton University Press, New Haven
Golombek, Lisa. 1988. The Function of Decoration in Islamic Architecture. Pp. 35-45 in Theories and Principles of Design in the Architecture of Islamic Societies, Margaret Bentley Sevcenko, ed. Cambridge, MA: The Aga Khan Program for Islamic Architecture.
Necipogˇlu, Gülru. 1992. Geometric Design in Timurid/Turkmen Architectural Practice: Thoughts on a Recently Discovered Scroll and its Late Gothic Parallels. Pp. 48-66 in Timurid Art and Culture: Iran and Central Asia in the Fifteenth Century, Lisa Golombek and Maria Subtelny, eds. Leiden: E.J. Brill.
Necipogˇlu, Gülru. 1995. The Topkapı; Scroll: Geometry and Ornament in Islamic Architecture. With an essay on the geometry of the muqarnas by Mohammad al-Asad. Santa Monica, CA: The Getty Center for the History of Art and the Humanities.
Parzysz Bernard. (2009) Using Key Diagrams To Design And Construct Roman Geometric Mosaics?. Nexus Network Journal 11(2): 273–288
Sotoodeh, Manoochehr. 1995. Az Āstārā Tā Estārbād (From Āstārā to Estārbād, in Persian). Tehran: Anjoman-e Āsār Va Mafākher-e Melli.
About this article
Cite this article
Ahmadi, M.P. A Geometrical Analysis of the Mausoleum of Sheikh Zāhed-e Gīlāni. Nexus Netw J 14, 391–406 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00004-012-0114-8
- Mausoleum of Sheikh Zāhed-e Gīlāni
- design analysis
- Lahijan city
- Timurid architecture
- Euclidean geometry
- geometric analysis
- harmonic proportions
- octagonal pyramid
- proportional analysis