The effect of smoking on the formation of biogenic amines in Circassian cheese

Research article


In this study, the effect of smoking on the amount of biogenic amines (BA) in Circassian cheese was evaluated. The chemical and microbiological changes related to BA formation in smoked and non-smoked Circassian cheeses were evaluated after 0, 15, 30, 45, 60, and 90 days of storage. At each ending of storage time, tyramine (TYR) and histamine (HIS) could not be detected in any of the samples. Furthermore, tryptamine (TRYP) decreased significantly during storage. Also, cadaverine (CAD) in non-smoked cheese samples increased while CAD levels did not change significantly in smoked cheeses. A significant (p < 0.05) increase was observed in 2-phenylethylamine for both smoked and non-smoked Circassian cheeses while putrescine levels remained fairly the same. In conclusion, lower levels of total BA were detected in smoked samples, and smoking process improved the quality of Circassian cheeses.


Smoked cheese Circassian cheese Biogenic amines Cheese quality 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


This study was funded by Sakarya University—Scientific Research Projects Unit, with the project number 2012-01-16-008.


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Copyright information

© Bundesamt für Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit (BVL) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringSakarya UniversitySakaryaTurkey

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