Fatty acid composition of Camellia oleifera oil

Abstract

Camellia oleifera originates from China and is important for the economy of southern China. Seeds from the cultivars LCDG, YAYC, and CR3 of Camellia oleifera were analyzed for their amount of 14 different fatty acids (unsaturated, monounsaturated, polyunsaturated, and saturated). In contrast to former investigations additional kinds of fatty acids could be isolated from Camellia oleifera seeds: The composition of this oil is very similar to olive oil, comprising 67.7–76.7 % oleic acid, 82–84 % unsaturated fatty acids, 68–77 % monounsaturated fatty acids, and 7–14 % polyunsaturated acids. Moreover, Camellia oleifera oil has many advantages to rapeseed oil, peanut oil, soybean oil, safflower seed oil, and especially pig oil.

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Acknowledgements

The authors appreciate the financial support of the National Project of Scientific and Technical Supporting Programs of the Eleventh 5-year Plan Period Funded by Ministry of Science & Technology of China (No. 2006BAD18B02-04). This work is also supported by the Eleventh 5-year Plan Period Funded by Guangxi province forest Science & Technology (Gui Lin Ke Zi [2009] N. 6).

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Correspondence to Dr. Yukui Rui.

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J. Ma, H. Ye, and Y. Rui contributed equally to this work.

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Ma, J., Ye, H., Rui, Y. et al. Fatty acid composition of Camellia oleifera oil. J. Verbr. Lebensm. 6, 9–12 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00003-010-0581-3

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Keywords

  • Camellia oleifera oil
  • Fatty acids
  • Unsaturated fatty acids
  • Monounsaturated fatty acids
  • Polyunsaturated fatty acids