Root Rot of Miniature Roses Caused by Pythium helicoides

Miniature roses growing in an ebb-and-flow watering system developed dieback during the summer growing season of 1996 in Gifu Prefecture. The main diagnostic symptoms were chlorosis of leaf followed by blight, and a brown, water-soaked root rot followed by dieback. Pythium isolates were recovered from the rotted root. The isolates form proliferous ellipsoidal papillate sporangia, spherical smooth oogonia, elongate antheridia, and aplerotic oospores. The optimum temperature for hyphal growth was 35°C with a growth rate of 34 mm/24 hr. Optimum temperature of zoospore formation (25-30°C) was lower than that of mycelial growth, and zoospores were produced even at 10°C. The isolates were identified as P. helicoides on the basis of these characteristics. In pathogenicity tests disease severity was highest at the highest tested temperature (35°C) at which the disease naturally occurred in summer. Four days after inoculation, the leaves turned yellow and the roots had a water-soaked rot, followed by leaf blight and root dieback after 7 days. The disease transmission test showed that diseased plants were found throughout the bench after 10 days.

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Received 4 July 2001/ Accepted in revised form 10 October 2001

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KAGEYAMA, K., AOYAGI, T., SUNOUCHI, R. et al. Root Rot of Miniature Roses Caused by Pythium helicoides . J Gen Plant Pathol 68, 15–20 (2002).

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  • Key words : ebb-and-flow, rose, Pythium helicoides, root rot.