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The origin of disorder in CH 3 HgX (X = Cl, Br and I) crystals investigated by temperature dependent Raman spectroscopy

Abstract:

Methyl-mercury(II) halides CH3HgX (X = Cl, Br and I) were studied by means of temperature dependent Raman spectroscopy from 10 K to 410 K. In addition to the previously reported soft phonons, new changes in the low frequency spectra were observed at T ≈ 70 K in CH3HgBr and at T ≈ 100 K in CH3HgI. The bandwidths of the two internal modes in CH3HgBr, the CH3 symmetric stretching band and the C-Hg-Br bending band, rise towards a local maximum at T ≈ 50 K as the temperature is raised from 10 K to 300 K. On the other hand the bandwidths of the two corresponding modes in CH3HgI crystals monotonously increase with temperature, obeying an Arrhenius law. Besides the three phonon modes present in the Raman spectra of CH3HgCl at room temperature, the fourth phonon band that has been observed at temperatures below 245 K might correspond to the freezing of methyl librations. The huge bandwidth of the C-Hg-Br bending mode could suggest the presence of additional weak bonding of a mercury atom with bromine atoms from other molecules, thus inducing positional disorder.

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Received 19 November 1999 and Received in final form 10 November 2000

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Mohaček-Grošev, V., Kirin, D. The origin of disorder in CH 3 HgX (X = Cl, Br and I) crystals investigated by temperature dependent Raman spectroscopy. Eur. Phys. J. B 20, 85–90 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1007/PL00011094

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  • PACS. 78.30.-j Infrared and Raman spectra – 63.50.+x Vibrational states in disordered systems