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Trees

, Volume 11, Issue 3, pp 162–168 | Cite as

UV-B induction of flavonoid biosynthesis in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L . ) seedlings

  • J.-P. Schnitzler
  • Tim P. Jungblut
  • Carmen Feicht
  • Matthias Köfferlein
  • Christian Langebartels
  • W. Heller
  • Heinrich Sandermann Jr.
ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Abstract

 Cultivation of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) seedlings under simulated global radiation including the UV-B band (280 – 320 nm; 220 mW m–2 UV-BBE) led to increased formation of the diacylated flavonol glucosides 3″,6″-di-p-coumaroyl-astragalin and 3″,6″-di-p-coumaroyl-isoquercitrin in primary and cotyledonary needles, respectively. 3″,6″-Di-p-coumaroyl-astragalin was also the main constitutive diacylated flavonol glucoside in both needle types. This compound predominantly accumulated in primary needles upon UV-B irradiation, and reached concentrations of 2.4 μmol g–1 fresh weight (fw). Its concentration was only weakly affected in cotyledonary needles. 3″,6″-Di-p-coumaroyl-isoquercitrin was mainly induced in cotyledonary needles with maximum concentrations of 0.8 to 0.9 μmol g–1 fw, but was virtually unaffected in primary needles under the same irradiation conditions. Pulse labelling with L-(U-14C)phenylalanine revealed that these metabolites were formed de novo. Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (EC 4.3.1.5) and chalcone synthase (EC 2.3.1.74) were only slightly induced by the UV-B treatment. The results described here represent the first report on UV-B-induced flavonoid biosynthesis in a conifer species.

Key words Chalcone synthase Flavonoids Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase Scots pine UV-B radiation 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • J.-P. Schnitzler
    • 1
  • Tim P. Jungblut
    • 1
  • Carmen Feicht
    • 1
  • Matthias Köfferlein
    • 2
  • Christian Langebartels
    • 1
  • W. Heller
    • 1
  • Heinrich Sandermann Jr.
    • 1
  1. 1.GSF-Forschungszentrum für Umwelt und Gesundheit GmbH, Institut für Biochemische Pflanzenpathologie, Neuherberg, D-85764 Oberschleißheim, GermanyDE
  2. 2.GSF-Forschungszentrum für Umwelt und Gesundheit GmbH, Arbeitsgruppe Expositionskammern, Neuherberg, D-85764 Oberschleißheim, GermanyDE

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