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A Possible Role for Jasmonic Acid in Adaptation of Barley Seedlings to Salinity Stress

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The changes caused by NaCl salinity and jasmonic acid (JA) treatment (8 days) on growth and photosynthesis of barley plants (Hordeum vulgare L., var. Alfa) have been studied. Gas exchange measurements and analysis of enzyme activities were used to study the reactions of photosynthesis to salinity and JA. Both 100 mm NaCl and 25 μm JA treatment led to a noticeable decrease in both the initial slope of the curves representing net photosynthetic rate vs intercellular CO2 concentration and the maximal rate of photosynthesis. The calculated values of the intercellular CO2 concentration, CO2 compensation point, and maximal carboxylating efficiency of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase support the suggestion that biochemical factors are involved in the response of photosynthesis to JA and salinity stress. The activities of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase and carbonic anhydrase increased more than twofold. Pretreatment with JA for 4 days before salinization diminished the inhibitory effect of high salt concentration on the growth and photosynthesis. The results are discussed in terms of a possible role of JA in increasing salinity tolerance of the barley plants.

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Received September 8, 1997; accepted May 19, 1998

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Tsonev, T., Lazova, G., Stoinova, Z. et al. A Possible Role for Jasmonic Acid in Adaptation of Barley Seedlings to Salinity Stress. J Plant Growth Regul 17, 153–159 (1998).

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