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Protein Tyrosine Kinase cDNAs from Amphioxus, Hagfish, and Lamprey: Isoform Duplications Around the Divergence of Cyclostomes and Gnathostomes

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Abstract.

Animals evolved a variety of gene families involved in cell–cell communication and developmental control by gene duplication and domain shuffling. Each family is made up of several subtypes or subfamilies with distinct structures and functions, which diverged by gene duplications and domain shufflings before the divergence of parazoans and eumetazoans. Since the separation from protostomes, vertebrates expanded the multiplicity of members (isoforms) in the same subfamily by further gene duplications in their early evolution before the fish–tetrapod split. To know the dates of isoform duplications more closely, we have conducted isolation and sequencing cDNAs encoding the fibroblast growth factor receptor, Eph, src, and platelet-derived growth factor receptor subtypes belonging to the protein tyrosine kinase family from Branchiostoma belcheri, an amphioxus, Eptatretus burgeri, a hagfish, and Lampetra reissneri, a lamprey. From a phylogenetic tree of each subfamily inferred from a maximum likelihood (ML) method, together with a bootstrap analysis based on the ML method, we have shown that the isoform duplications frequently occurred in the early evolution of vertebrates around or just before the divergence of cyclostomes and gnathostomes by gene duplications and possibly chromosomal duplications.

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Received: 28 April 1998 / Accepted: 30 June 1999

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Suga, H., Hoshiyama, D., Kuraku, S. et al. Protein Tyrosine Kinase cDNAs from Amphioxus, Hagfish, and Lamprey: Isoform Duplications Around the Divergence of Cyclostomes and Gnathostomes. J Mol Evol 49, 601–608 (1999). https://doi.org/10.1007/PL00006581

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/PL00006581

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