Homological classification of topological terms in sigma models on homogeneous spaces
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We classify the topological terms (in a sense to be made precise) that may appear in a non-linear sigma model based on maps from an arbitrary worldvolume manifold to a homogeneous space G/H (where G is an arbitrary Lie group and H ⊂ G). We derive a new condition for G-invariance of topological terms, which is necessary and sufficient (at least when G is connected), and discuss a variety of examples in quantum mechanics and quantum field theory. In the present work we discuss only terms that may be written in terms of (possibly only locally-defined) differential forms on G/H, leading to an action that is manifestly local. Such terms come in one of two types, with prototypical quantum-mechanical examples given by the Aharonov-Bohm effect and the Dirac monopole. The classification is based on the observation that, for topological terms, the maps from the worldvolume to G/H may be replaced by singular homology cycles on G/H. In a forthcoming paper we apply the results to phenomenological models in which the Higgs boson is composite.
KeywordsEffective Field Theories Sigma Models Topological Field Theories
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