## Abstract

We revisit the late-time growth rate of various holographic complexity conjectures for neutral and charged AdS black holes with single or multiple horizons in two dimensional (2D) gravity like Jackiw-Teitelboim (JT) gravity and JT-like gravity. For complexity-action conjecture, we propose an alternative resolution to the vanishing growth rate at late-time for general 2D neutral black hole with multiple horizons as found in the previous studies for JT gravity. For complexity-volume conjectures, we obtain the generic forms of late-time growth rates in the context of extremal volume and Wheeler-DeWitt volume by appropriately accounting for the black hole thermodynamics in 2D gravity.

## References

S. Ryu and T. Takayanagi,

*Holographic derivation of entanglement entropy from AdS/CFT*,*Phys. Rev. Lett.***96**(2006) 181602 [hep-th/0603001] [INSPIRE].J.M. Maldacena,

*Eternal black holes in anti-de Sitter*,*JHEP***04**(2003) 021 [hep-th/0106112] [INSPIRE].T. Hartman and J. Maldacena,

*Time Evolution of Entanglement Entropy from Black Hole Interiors*,*JHEP***05**(2013) 014 [arXiv:1303.1080] [INSPIRE].L. Susskind,

*Entanglement is not enough*,*Fortsch. Phys.***64**(2016) 49 [arXiv:1411.0690] [INSPIRE].B. Freivogel, R. Jefferson, L. Kabir, B. Mosk and I.-S. Yang,

*Casting Shadows on Holographic Reconstruction*,*Phys. Rev. D***91**(2015) 086013 [arXiv:1412.5175] [INSPIRE].L. Susskind,

*Computational Complexity and Black Hole Horizons*,*Fortsch. Phys.***64**(2016) 24 [*Addendum ibid.***64**(2016) 44] [arXiv:1403.5695] [INSPIRE].D. Stanford and L. Susskind,

*Complexity and Shock Wave Geometries*,*Phys. Rev. D***90**(2014) 126007 [arXiv:1406.2678] [INSPIRE].J. Couch, W. Fischler and P.H. Nguyen,

*Noether charge, black hole volume, and complexity*,*JHEP***03**(2017) 119 [arXiv:1610.02038] [INSPIRE].J. Couch, S. Eccles, T. Jacobson and P. Nguyen,

*Holographic Complexity and Volume*,*JHEP***11**(2018) 044 [arXiv:1807.02186] [INSPIRE].A.R. Brown, D.A. Roberts, L. Susskind, B. Swingle and Y. Zhao,

*Holographic Complexity Equals Bulk Action?*,*Phys. Rev. Lett.***116**(2016) 191301 [arXiv:1509.07876] [INSPIRE].A.R. Brown, D.A. Roberts, L. Susskind, B. Swingle and Y. Zhao,

*Complexity, action, and black holes*,*Phys. Rev. D***93**(2016) 086006 [arXiv:1512.04993] [INSPIRE].G. Hayward,

*Gravitational action for space-times with nonsmooth boundaries*,*Phys. Rev. D***47**(1993) 3275 [INSPIRE].D. Brill and G. Hayward,

*Is the gravitational action additive?*,*Phys. Rev. D***50**(1994) 4914 [gr-qc/9403018] [INSPIRE].L. Lehner, R.C. Myers, E. Poisson and R.D. Sorkin,

*Gravitational action with null boundaries*,*Phys. Rev. D***94**(2016) 084046 [arXiv:1609.00207] [INSPIRE].R.-Q. Yang and S.-M. Ruan,

*Comments on Joint Terms in Gravitational Action*,*Class. Quant. Grav.***34**(2017) 175017 [arXiv:1704.03232] [INSPIRE].R.-G. Cai, S.-M. Ruan, S.-J. Wang, R.-Q. Yang and R.-H. Peng,

*Action growth for AdS black holes*,*JHEP***09**(2016) 161 [arXiv:1606.08307] [INSPIRE].R.-G. Cai, M. Sasaki and S.-J. Wang,

*Action growth of charged black holes with a single horizon*,*Phys. Rev. D***95**(2017) 124002 [arXiv:1702.06766] [INSPIRE].S. Chapman, H. Marrochio and R.C. Myers,

*Complexity of Formation in Holography*,*JHEP***01**(2017) 062 [arXiv:1610.08063] [INSPIRE].A. Reynolds and S.F. Ross,

*Divergences in Holographic Complexity*,*Class. Quant. Grav.***34**(2017) 105004 [arXiv:1612.05439] [INSPIRE].D. Carmi, R.C. Myers and P. Rath,

*Comments on Holographic Complexity*,*JHEP***03**(2017) 118 [arXiv:1612.00433] [INSPIRE].R.-Q. Yang, C. Niu and K.-Y. Kim,

*Surface Counterterms and Regularized Holographic Complexity*,*JHEP***09**(2017) 042 [arXiv:1701.03706] [INSPIRE].O. Ben-Ami and D. Carmi,

*On Volumes of Subregions in Holography and Complexity*,*JHEP***11**(2016) 129 [arXiv:1609.02514] [INSPIRE].R. Abt, J. Erdmenger, H. Hinrichsen, C.M. Melby-Thompson, R. Meyer, C. Northe et al.,

*Topological Complexity in AdS*_{3}*/CFT*_{2},*Fortsch. Phys.***66**(2018) 1800034 [arXiv:1710.01327] [INSPIRE].A.R. Brown and L. Susskind,

*Second law of quantum complexity*,*Phys. Rev. D***97**(2018) 086015 [arXiv:1701.01107] [INSPIRE].D. Carmi, S. Chapman, H. Marrochio, R.C. Myers and S. Sugishita,

*On the Time Dependence of Holographic Complexity*,*JHEP***11**(2017) 188 [arXiv:1709.10184] [INSPIRE].M. Alishahiha, A. Faraji Astaneh, A. Naseh and M.H. Vahidinia,

*On complexity for F(R) and critical gravity*,*JHEP***05**(2017) 009 [arXiv:1702.06796] [INSPIRE].P.A. Cano, R.A. Hennigar and H. Marrochio,

*Complexity Growth Rate in Lovelock Gravity*,*Phys. Rev. Lett.***121**(2018) 121602 [arXiv:1803.02795] [INSPIRE].B. Swingle and Y. Wang,

*Holographic Complexity of Einstein-Maxwell-Dilaton Gravity*,*JHEP***09**(2018) 106 [arXiv:1712.09826] [INSPIRE].Y.-S. An and R.-H. Peng,

*Effect of the dilaton on holographic complexity growth*,*Phys. Rev. D***97**(2018) 066022 [arXiv:1801.03638] [INSPIRE].M. Alishahiha, A. Faraji Astaneh, M.R. Mohammadi Mozaffar and A. Mollabashi,

*Complexity Growth with Lifshitz Scaling and Hyperscaling Violation*,*JHEP***07**(2018) 042 [arXiv:1802.06740] [INSPIRE].S. Chapman, H. Marrochio and R.C. Myers,

*Holographic complexity in Vaidya spacetimes. Part I*,*JHEP***06**(2018) 046 [arXiv:1804.07410] [INSPIRE].S. Chapman, H. Marrochio and R.C. Myers,

*Holographic complexity in Vaidya spacetimes. Part II*,*JHEP***06**(2018) 114 [arXiv:1805.07262] [INSPIRE].L. Susskind and Y. Zhao,

*Switchbacks and the Bridge to Nowhere*, arXiv:1408.2823 [INSPIRE].M. Moosa,

*Evolution of Complexity Following a Global Quench*,*JHEP***03**(2018) 031 [arXiv:1711.02668] [INSPIRE].A. Reynolds and S.F. Ross,

*Complexity in de Sitter Space*,*Class. Quant. Grav.***34**(2017) 175013 [arXiv:1706.03788] [INSPIRE].Y.-S. An, R.-G. Cai, L. Li and Y. Peng,

*Holographic complexity growth in an FLRW universe*,*Phys. Rev. D***101**(2020) 046006 [arXiv:1909.12172] [INSPIRE].D.A. Roberts and B. Yoshida,

*Chaos and complexity by design*,*JHEP***04**(2017) 121 [arXiv:1610.04903] [INSPIRE].K. Hashimoto, N. Iizuka and S. Sugishita,

*Time evolution of complexity in Abelian gauge theories*,*Phys. Rev. D***96**(2017) 126001 [arXiv:1707.03840] [INSPIRE].R.-Q. Yang, C. Niu, C.-Y. Zhang and K.-Y. Kim,

*Comparison of holographic and field theoretic complexities for time dependent thermofield double states*,*JHEP***02**(2018) 082 [arXiv:1710.00600] [INSPIRE].S. Chapman, M.P. Heller, H. Marrochio and F. Pastawski,

*Toward a Definition of Complexity for Quantum Field Theory States*,*Phys. Rev. Lett.***120**(2018) 121602 [arXiv:1707.08582] [INSPIRE].B. Czech,

*Einstein Equations from Varying Complexity*,*Phys. Rev. Lett.***120**(2018) 031601 [arXiv:1706.00965] [INSPIRE].R. Jefferson and R.C. Myers,

*Circuit complexity in quantum field theory*,*JHEP***10**(2017) 107 [arXiv:1707.08570] [INSPIRE].P. Caputa, N. Kundu, M. Miyaji, T. Takayanagi and K. Watanabe,

*Anti-de Sitter Space from Optimization of Path Integrals in Conformal Field Theories*,*Phys. Rev. Lett.***119**(2017) 071602 [arXiv:1703.00456] [INSPIRE].P. Caputa, N. Kundu, M. Miyaji, T. Takayanagi and K. Watanabe,

*Liouville Action as Path-Integral Complexity: From Continuous Tensor Networks to AdS/CFT*,*JHEP***11**(2017) 097 [arXiv:1706.07056] [INSPIRE].A. Bhattacharyya, A. Shekar and A. Sinha,

*Circuit complexity in interacting QFTs and RG flows*,*JHEP***10**(2018) 140 [arXiv:1808.03105] [INSPIRE].A. Belin, A. Lewkowycz and G. Sárosi,

*Complexity and the bulk volume, a new York time story*,*JHEP***03**(2019) 044 [arXiv:1811.03097] [INSPIRE].T. Ali, A. Bhattacharyya, S. Shajidul Haque, E.H. Kim and N. Moynihan,

*Time Evolution of Complexity: A Critique of Three Methods*,*JHEP***04**(2019) 087 [arXiv:1810.02734] [INSPIRE].A. Belin, A. Lewkowycz and G. Sárosi,

*The boundary dual of the bulk symplectic form*,*Phys. Lett. B***789**(2019) 71 [arXiv:1806.10144] [INSPIRE].S. Chapman, J. Eisert, L. Hackl, M.P. Heller, R. Jefferson, H. Marrochio et al.,

*Complexity and entanglement for thermofield double states*,*SciPost Phys.***6**(2019) 034 [arXiv:1810.05151] [INSPIRE].V. Balasubramanian, M. DeCross, A. Kar and O. Parrikar,

*Binding Complexity and Multiparty Entanglement*,*JHEP***02**(2019) 069 [arXiv:1811.04085] [INSPIRE].P. Caputa and J.M. Magan,

*Quantum Computation as Gravity*,*Phys. Rev. Lett.***122**(2019) 231302 [arXiv:1807.04422] [INSPIRE].M. Guo, J. Hernandez, R.C. Myers and S.-M. Ruan,

*Circuit Complexity for Coherent States*,*JHEP***10**(2018) 011 [arXiv:1807.07677] [INSPIRE].R.-Q. Yang, Y.-S. An, C. Niu, C.-Y. Zhang and K.-Y. Kim,

*Principles and symmetries of complexity in quantum field theory*,*Eur. Phys. J. C***79**(2019) 109 [arXiv:1803.01797] [INSPIRE].T. Takayanagi,

*Holographic Spacetimes as Quantum Circuits of Path-Integrations*,*JHEP***12**(2018) 048 [arXiv:1808.09072] [INSPIRE].L. Hackl and R.C. Myers,

*Circuit complexity for free fermions*,*JHEP***07**(2018) 139 [arXiv:1803.10638] [INSPIRE].R. Khan, C. Krishnan and S. Sharma,

*Circuit Complexity in Fermionic Field Theory*,*Phys. Rev. D***98**(2018) 126001 [arXiv:1801.07620] [INSPIRE].R.-Q. Yang, Y.-S. An, C. Niu, C.-Y. Zhang and K.-Y. Kim,

*More on complexity of operators in quantum field theory*,*JHEP***03**(2019) 161 [arXiv:1809.06678] [INSPIRE].A. Bhattacharyya, P. Caputa, S.R. Das, N. Kundu, M. Miyaji and T. Takayanagi,

*Path-Integral Complexity for Perturbed CFTs*,*JHEP***07**(2018) 086 [arXiv:1804.01999] [INSPIRE].H.A. Camargo, M.P. Heller, R. Jefferson and J. Knaute,

*Path integral optimization as circuit complexity*,*Phys. Rev. Lett.***123**(2019) 011601 [arXiv:1904.02713] [INSPIRE].A. Bhattacharyya, P. Nandy and A. Sinha,

*Renormalized Circuit Complexity*,*Phys. Rev. Lett.***124**(2020) 101602 [arXiv:1907.08223] [INSPIRE].M. Doroudiani, A. Naseh and R. Pirmoradian,

*Complexity for Charged Thermofield Double States*,*JHEP***01**(2020) 120 [arXiv:1910.08806] [INSPIRE].R.-Q. Yang, Y.-S. An, C. Niu, C.-Y. Zhang and K.-Y. Kim,

*To be unitary-invariant or not?: a simple but non-trivial proposal for the complexity between states in quantum mechanics/field theory*, arXiv:1906.02063 [INSPIRE].M. Sinamuli and R.B. Mann,

*Holographic Complexity and Charged Scalar Fields*,*Phys. Rev. D***99**(2019) 106013 [arXiv:1902.01912] [INSPIRE].E. Caceres, S. Chapman, J.D. Couch, J.P. Hernandez, R.C. Myers and S.-M. Ruan,

*Complexity of Mixed States in QFT and Holography*,*JHEP***03**(2020) 012 [arXiv:1909.10557] [INSPIRE].S. Lloyd,

*Ultimate physical limits to computation*,*Nature (London)***406**(2000) 1047.T. Muta and S.D. Odintsov,

*Two-dimensional higher derivative quantum gravity with constant curvature constraint*,*Prog.Theor.Phys.***90**(1993) 247 [INSPIRE].S. Nojiri and S.D. Odintsov,

*Quantum dilatonic gravity in (D*= 2*)-dimensions, (D*= 4*)-dimensions and (D*= 5*)-dimensions*,*Int. J. Mod. Phys. A***16**(2001) 1015 [hep-th/0009202] [INSPIRE].D. Grumiller, W. Kummer and D.V. Vassilevich,

*Dilaton gravity in two-dimensions*,*Phys. Rept.***369**(2002) 327 [hep-th/0204253] [INSPIRE].C. Chamon, R. Jackiw, S.-Y. Pi and L. Santos,

*Conformal quantum mechanics as the CFT*_{1}*dual to AdS*_{2},*Phys. Lett. B***701**(2011) 503 [arXiv:1106.0726] [INSPIRE].A. Castro, D. Grumiller, F. Larsen and R. McNees,

*Holographic Description of AdS*_{2}*Black Holes*,*JHEP***11**(2008) 052 [arXiv:0809.4264] [INSPIRE].M. Cvetǐc and I. Papadimitriou,

*AdS*_{2}*holographic dictionary*,*JHEP***12**(2016) 008 [*Erratum ibid.***01**(2017) 120] [arXiv:1608.07018] [INSPIRE].J. Polchinski and V. Rosenhaus,

*The Spectrum in the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev Model*,*JHEP***04**(2016) 001 [arXiv:1601.06768] [INSPIRE].J. Maldacena and D. Stanford,

*Remarks on the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev model*,*Phys. Rev. D***94**(2016) 106002 [arXiv:1604.07818] [INSPIRE].S. Sachdev and J. Ye,

*Gapless spin fluid ground state in a random, quantum Heisenberg magnet*,*Phys. Rev. Lett.***70**(1993) 3339 [cond-mat/9212030] [INSPIRE].A. Kitaev,

*A simple model of quantum holography*, talks presented at*KITP*, 7 April 2015 and 27 May 2015, http://online.kitp.ucsb.edu/online/entangled15/kitaev/.K. Jensen,

*Chaos in AdS*_{2}*Holography*,*Phys. Rev. Lett.***117**(2016) 111601 [arXiv:1605.06098] [INSPIRE].J. Engelsöy, T.G. Mertens and H. Verlinde,

*An investigation of AdS*_{2}*backreaction and holography*,*JHEP***07**(2016) 139 [arXiv:1606.03438] [INSPIRE].A. Strominger,

*AdS*_{2}*quantum gravity and string theory*,*JHEP***01**(1999) 007 [hep-th/9809027] [INSPIRE].P. Claus, M. Derix, R. Kallosh, J. Kumar, P.K. Townsend and A. Van Proeyen,

*Black holes and superconformal mechanics*,*Phys. Rev. Lett.***81**(1998) 4553 [hep-th/9804177] [INSPIRE].R. Jackiw,

*Liouville field theory: a two-dimensional model for gravity?*, MIT-CTP-1049 (1982).C. Teitelboim,

*The Hamiltonian structure of two-dimensional space-time and its relation with the conformal anomaly*, Print-83-0130 (TEXAS) (1983).M. Cadoni, P. Carta, D. Klemm and S. Mignemi,

*AdS*_{2}*gravity as conformally invariant mechanical system*,*Phys. Rev. D***63**(2001) 125021 [hep-th/0009185] [INSPIRE].V. de Alfaro, S. Fubini and G. Furlan,

*Conformal Invariance in Quantum Mechanics*,*Nuovo Cim. A***34**(1976) 569 [INSPIRE].M. Brigante, S. Cacciatori, D. Klemm and D. Zanon,

*The Asymptotic dynamics of two-dimensional (anti-)de Sitter gravity*,*JHEP***03**(2002) 005 [hep-th/0202073] [INSPIRE].B. Sutherland,

*Exact results for a quantum many body problem in one-dimension*,*Phys. Rev. A***4**(1971) 2019 [INSPIRE].G.W. Gibbons and P.K. Townsend,

*Black holes and Calogero models*,*Phys. Lett. B***454**(1999) 187 [hep-th/9812034] [INSPIRE].A. Almheiri and J. Polchinski,

*Models of AdS*_{2}*backreaction and holography*,*JHEP***11**(2015) 014 [arXiv:1402.6334] [INSPIRE].T.M. Fiola, J. Preskill, A. Strominger and S.P. Trivedi,

*Black hole thermodynamics and information loss in two-dimensions*,*Phys. Rev. D***50**(1994) 3987 [hep-th/9403137] [INSPIRE].J.M. Maldacena, J. Michelson and A. Strominger,

*Anti-de Sitter fragmentation*,*JHEP***02**(1999) 011 [hep-th/9812073] [INSPIRE].J. Maldacena, D. Stanford and Z. Yang,

*Conformal symmetry and its breaking in two dimensional Nearly Anti-de-Sitter space*,*PTEP***2016**(2016) 12C104 [arXiv:1606.01857] [INSPIRE].A.R. Brown, H. Gharibyan, H.W. Lin, L. Susskind, L. Thorlacius and Y. Zhao,

*Complexity of Jackiw-Teitelboim gravity*,*Phys. Rev. D***99**(2019) 046016 [arXiv:1810.08741] [INSPIRE].A. Akhavan, M. Alishahiha, A. Naseh and H. Zolfi,

*Complexity and Behind the Horizon Cut Off*,*JHEP***12**(2018) 090 [arXiv:1810.12015] [INSPIRE].M. Alishahiha,

*On complexity of Jackiw–Teitelboim gravity*,*Eur. Phys. J. C***79**(2019) 365 [arXiv:1811.09028] [INSPIRE].K. Goto, H. Marrochio, R.C. Myers, L. Queimada and B. Yoshida,

*Holographic Complexity Equals Which Action?*,*JHEP***02**(2019) 160 [arXiv:1901.00014] [INSPIRE].S.S. Hashemi, G. Jafari, A. Naseh and H. Zolfi,

*More on Complexity in Finite Cut Off Geometry*,*Phys. Lett. B***797**(2019) 134898 [arXiv:1902.03554].H. Huang, X.-H. Feng and H. Lü,

*Holographic Complexity and Two Identities of Action Growth*,*Phys. Lett. B***769**(2017) 357 [arXiv:1611.02321] [INSPIRE].H.-S. Liu, H. Lü, L. Ma and W.-D. Tan,

*Holographic Complexity Bounds*,*JHEP***07**(2020) 090 [arXiv:1910.10723] [INSPIRE].R.M. Wald,

*Black hole entropy is the Noether charge*,*Phys. Rev. D***48**(1993) 3427 [gr-qc/9307038] [INSPIRE].J. Kettner, G. Kunstatter and A.J.M. Medved,

*Quasinormal modes for single horizon black holes in generic*2*− D dilaton gravity*,*Class. Quant. Grav.***21**(2004) 5317 [gr-qc/0408042] [INSPIRE].Y.-Z. Li, S.-L. Li and H. Lü,

*Exact Embeddings of JT Gravity in Strings and M-theory*,*Eur. Phys. J. C***78**(2018) 791 [arXiv:1804.09742] [INSPIRE].D. Grumiller and R. McNees,

*Thermodynamics of black holes in two (and higher) dimensions*,*JHEP***04**(2007) 074 [hep-th/0703230] [INSPIRE].R.-Q. Yang,

*Upper bound about cross-sections inside black holes and complexity growth rate*, arXiv:1911.12561 [INSPIRE].Y.-S. An, R.-G. Cai and Y. Peng,

*Time Dependence of Holographic Complexity in Gauss-Bonnet Gravity*,*Phys. Rev. D***98**(2018) 106013 [arXiv:1805.07775] [INSPIRE].W. Sun and X.-H. Ge,

*Complexity growth rate, grand potential and partition function*, arXiv:1912.00153 [INSPIRE].D. Kastor, S. Ray and J. Traschen,

*Enthalpy and the Mechanics of AdS Black Holes*,*Class. Quant. Grav.***26**(2009) 195011 [arXiv:0904.2765] [INSPIRE].B.P. Dolan,

*The cosmological constant and the black hole equation of state*,*Class. Quant. Grav.***28**(2011) 125020 [arXiv:1008.5023] [INSPIRE].D. Kubiznak and R.B. Mann,

*Black hole chemistry*,*Can. J. Phys.***93**(2015) 999 [arXiv:1404.2126] [INSPIRE].M. Cvetič, G.W. Gibbons, D. Kubiznak and C.N. Pope,

*Black Hole Enthalpy and an Entropy Inequality for the Thermodynamic Volume*,*Phys. Rev. D***84**(2011) 024037 [arXiv:1012.2888] [INSPIRE].D. Kubiznak, R.B. Mann and M. Teo,

*Black hole chemistry: thermodynamics with Lambda*,*Class. Quant. Grav.***34**(2017) 063001 [arXiv:1608.06147] [INSPIRE].C.V. Johnson,

*Holographic Heat Engines*,*Class. Quant. Grav.***31**(2014) 205002 [arXiv:1404.5982] [INSPIRE].S. He, L.-F. Li and X.-X. Zeng,

*Holographic Van der Waals-like phase transition in the Gauss–Bonnet gravity*,*Nucl. Phys. B***915**(2017) 243 [arXiv:1608.04208] [INSPIRE].A.M. Frassino, R.B. Mann and J.R. Mureika,

*Lower-Dimensional Black Hole Chemistry*,*Phys. Rev. D***92**(2015) 124069 [arXiv:1509.05481] [INSPIRE].S.L. Bazanski and P. Zyla,

*A Gauss type law for gravity with a cosmological constant*,*Gen. Rel. Grav.***22**(1990) 379 [INSPIRE].D. Kastor,

*Komar Integrals in Higher (and Lower) Derivative Gravity*,*Class. Quant. Grav.***25**(2008) 175007 [arXiv:0804.1832] [INSPIRE].J. Gegenberg, G. Kunstatter and D. Louis-Martinez,

*Classical and quantum mechanics of black holes in generic*2*− D dilaton gravity*, in*Heat Kernels and Quantum Gravity*, Winnipeg, Canada, 2–6 August 1994, [gr-qc/9501017] [INSPIRE].

## Author information

### Authors and Affiliations

### Corresponding author

## Additional information

### Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

ArXiv ePrint: 2001.11626

## Rights and permissions

**Open Access** . This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY 4.0), which permits any use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

## About this article

### Cite this article

Cai, RG., He, S., Wang, SJ. *et al.* Revisit on holographic complexity in two-dimensional gravity.
*J. High Energ. Phys.* **2020, **102 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/JHEP08(2020)102

Received:

Accepted:

Published:

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/JHEP08(2020)102

### Keywords

- 2D Gravity
- AdS-CFT Correspondence
- Black Holes
- Gauge-gravity correspondence