On the Noether charge and the gravity duals of quantum complexity

  • Zhong-Ying FanEmail author
  • Minyong Guo
Open Access
Regular Article - Theoretical Physics


The physical relevance of the thermodynamic volumes of AdS black holes to the gravity duals of quantum complexity was recently argued by Couch et al. In this paper, by generalizing the Wald-Iyer formalism, we derive a geometric expression for the thermodynamic volume and relate its product with the thermodynamic pressure to the non-derivative part of the gravitational action evaluated on the Wheeler-DeWitt patch. We propose that this action provides an alternative gravity dual of the quantum complexity of the boundary theory. We refer this to “complexity=action 2.0” (CA-2) duality. It is significantly different from the original “complexity=action” (CA) duality as well as the “complexity=volume 2.0” (CV-2) duality proposed by Couch et al. The latter postulates that the complexity is dual to the spacetime volume of the Wheeler-DeWitt patch. To distinguish our new conjecture from the various dualities in literature, we study a number of black holes in Einstein-Maxwell-Dilation theories. We find that for all these black holes, the CA duality generally does not respect the Lloyd bound whereas the CV-2 duality always does. For the CA-2 duality, although in many cases it is consistent with the Lloyd bound, we also find a counter example for which it violates the bound as well.


AdS-CFT Correspondence Gauge-gravity correspondence 


Open Access

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Astrophysics, School of Physics and Electronic EngineeringGuangzhou UniversityGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingP.R. China
  3. 3.Perimeter Institute for Theoretical PhysicsWaterlooCanada

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