Skip to main content

CP violation from charged Higgs bosons in the three Higgs doublet model

A preprint version of the article is available at arXiv.

Abstract

We demonstrate a new type of cancellation of contributions to the electron and neutron electric dipole moments (EDMs) that occurs in three Higgs doublet models (3HDMs) when CP violation appears in the charged Higgs sector. The cancellation becomes exact when the two physical charged Higgs bosons in the model are degenerate in mass. Depending on the model parameters, degeneracies at the 10% level are however sufficient to evade current bounds on the electron and neutron EDMs. We demonstrate that viable parameter space remains with both charged Higgs bosons lighter than 500 GeV and large CP-violating phases while also satisfying theoretical constraints from perturbativity and experimental ones from \( \overline{B} \)Xsγ and direct searches.

References

  1. [1]

    L. Canetti, M. Drewes and M. Shaposhnikov, Matter and Antimatter in the Universe, New J. Phys. 14 (2012) 095012 [arXiv:1204.4186] [INSPIRE].

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. [2]

    A.D. Sakharov, Violation of CP Invariance, C asymmetry, and baryon asymmetry of the universe, Pisma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 5 (1967) 32 [INSPIRE].

    Google Scholar 

  3. [3]

    nEDM collaboration, Measurement of the permanent electric dipole moment of the neutron, Phys. Rev. Lett. 124 (2020) 081803 [arXiv:2001.11966] [INSPIRE].

  4. [4]

    ACME collaboration, Improved limit on the electric dipole moment of the electron, Nature 562 (2018) 355 [INSPIRE].

  5. [5]

    A. Cordero-Cid et al., CP violating scalar Dark Matter, JHEP 12 (2016) 014 [arXiv:1608.01673] [INSPIRE].

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. [6]

    D. Azevedo, P.M. Ferreira, M.M. Muhlleitner, S. Patel, R. Santos and J. Wittbrodt, CP in the dark, JHEP 11 (2018) 091 [arXiv:1807.10322] [INSPIRE].

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. [7]

    M. Carena, M. Quirós and Y. Zhang, Electroweak Baryogenesis from Dark-Sector CP-violation, Phys. Rev. Lett. 122 (2019) 201802 [arXiv:1811.09719] [INSPIRE].

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. [8]

    S. Okawa, M. Pospelov and A. Ritz, Electric Dipole Moments From Dark Sectors, Phys. Rev. D 100 (2019) 075017 [arXiv:1905.05219] [INSPIRE].

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. [9]

    M. Carena, M. Quirós and Y. Zhang, Dark CP-violation and gauged lepton or baryon number for electroweak baryogenesis, Phys. Rev. D 101 (2020) 055014 [arXiv:1908.04818] [INSPIRE].

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. [10]

    V. Keus, Dark origins of matter-antimatter asymmetry, PoS CORFU2019 (2020) 059 [arXiv:2003.02141] [INSPIRE].

  11. [11]

    A. Cordero-Cid, J. Hernández-Sánchez, V. Keus, S. Moretti, D. Rojas-Ciofalo and D. Sokołowska, Collider signatures of dark CP-violation, Phys. Rev. D 101 (2020) 095023 [arXiv:2002.04616] [INSPIRE].

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. [12]

    S. Kanemura, M. Kubota and K. Yagyu, Aligned CP-violating Higgs sector canceling the electric dipole moment, JHEP 08 (2020) 026 [arXiv:2004.03943] [INSPIRE].

    ADS  MathSciNet  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. [13]

    S.L. Glashow, J. Iliopoulos and L. Maiani, Weak Interactions with Lepton-Hadron Symmetry, Phys. Rev. D 2 (1970) 1285 [INSPIRE].

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. [14]

    S.L. Glashow and S. Weinberg, Natural Conservation Laws for Neutral Currents, Phys. Rev. D 15 (1977) 1958 [INSPIRE].

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. [15]

    E.A. Paschos, Diagonal neutral currents, Phys. Rev. D 15 (1977) 1966.

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  16. [16]

    M. Jung and A. Pich, Electric Dipole Moments in Two-Higgs-Doublet Models, JHEP 04 (2014) 076 [arXiv:1308.6283] [INSPIRE].

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. [17]

    G. Cree and H.E. Logan, Yukawa alignment from natural flavor conservation, Phys. Rev. D 84 (2011) 055021 [arXiv:1106.4039] [INSPIRE].

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. [18]

    A.G. Akeroyd, S. Moretti, K. Yagyu and E. Yildirim, Light charged Higgs boson scenario in 3-Higgs doublet models, Int. J. Mod. Phys. A 32 (2017) 1750145 [arXiv:1605.05881] [INSPIRE].

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  19. [19]

    Y. Grossman, Phenomenology of models with more than two Higgs doublets, Nucl. Phys. B 426 (1994) 355 [hep-ph/9401311] [INSPIRE].

  20. [20]

    A. Belyaev, N.D. Christensen and A. Pukhov, CalcHEP 3.4 for collider physics within and beyond the Standard Model, Comput. Phys. Commun. 184 (2013) 1729 [arXiv:1207.6082] [INSPIRE].

  21. [21]

    M. Guchait and S. Moretti, Improving the discovery potential of charged Higgs bosons at Tevatron run II, JHEP 01 (2002) 001 [hep-ph/0110020] [INSPIRE].

  22. [22]

    K.A. Assamagan, M. Guchait and S. Moretti, Charged Higgs bosons in the transition region M(H±) ∼ m(t) at the LHC, in 3rd Les Houches Workshop on Physics at TeV Colliders, (2004) [hep-ph/0402057] [INSPIRE].

  23. [23]

    A.G. Akeroyd, S. Moretti and M. Song, Light charged Higgs boson with dominant decay to quarks and its search at the LHC and future colliders, Phys. Rev. D 98 (2018) 115024 [arXiv:1810.05403] [INSPIRE].

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  24. [24]

    A.G. Akeroyd, S. Moretti and M. Song, Light charged Higgs boson with dominant decay to a charm quark and a bottom quark and its search at LEP2 and future e+e colliders, Phys. Rev. D 101 (2020) 035021 [arXiv:1908.00826] [INSPIRE].

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  25. [25]

    CMS collaboration, Search for charged Higgs bosons in the H±τ±ντ decay channel in proton-proton collisions at \( \sqrt{s} \) = 13 TeV, JHEP 07 (2019) 142 [arXiv:1903.04560] [INSPIRE].

  26. [26]

    CMS collaboration, Search for a charged Higgs boson decaying to charm and bottom quarks in proton-proton collisions at \( \sqrt{s} \) = 8 TeV, JHEP 11 (2018) 115 [arXiv:1808.06575] [INSPIRE].

  27. [27]

    ATLAS collaboration, Search for a light charged Higgs boson in the decay channel H+\( c\overline{s} \) in \( t\overline{t} \) events using pp collisions at \( \sqrt{s} \) = 7 TeV with the ATLAS detector, Eur. Phys. J. C 73 (2013) 2465 [arXiv:1302.3694] [INSPIRE].

  28. [28]

    Particle Data Group collaboration, Review of Particle Physics, PTEP 2020 (2020) 083C01 [INSPIRE].

  29. [29]

    ATLAS collaboration, Direct top-quark decay width measurement at \( \sqrt{s} \) = 13 TeV with the ATLAS experiment, PoS LeptonPhoton2019 (2019) 089 [INSPIRE].

  30. [30]

    V.D. Barger, J.L. Hewett and R.J.N. Phillips, New Constraints on the Charged Higgs Sector in Two Higgs Doublet Models, Phys. Rev. D 41 (1990) 3421 [INSPIRE].

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  31. [31]

    D. Bowser-Chao, D. Chang and W.-Y. Keung, Electron electric dipole moment from CP-violation in the charged Higgs sector, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79 (1997) 1988 [hep-ph/9703435] [INSPIRE].

  32. [32]

    M.E. Pospelov and I.B. Khriplovich, Electric dipole moment of the W boson and the electron in the Kobayashi-Maskawa model, Sov. J. Nucl. Phys. 53 (1991) 638 [INSPIRE].

    Google Scholar 

  33. [33]

    D. Chang, W.-Y. Keung and T.C. Yuan, Two loop bosonic contribution to the electron electric dipole moment, Phys. Rev. D 43 (1991) R14 [INSPIRE].

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  34. [34]

    B. Graner, Y. Chen, E.G. Lindahl and B.R. Heckel, Reduced Limit on the Permanent Electric Dipole Moment of Hg199, Phys. Rev. Lett. 116 (2016) 161601 [Erratum ibid. 119 (2017) 119901] [arXiv:1601.04339] [INSPIRE].

  35. [35]

    E. Braaten, C.-S. Li and T.-C. Yuan, The Evolution of Weinberg’s Gluonic CP Violation Operator, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64 (1990) 1709 [INSPIRE].

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  36. [36]

    A.G. Akeroyd, S. Moretti, T. Shindou and M. Song, CP asymmetries of \( \overline{B} \)Xs/Xdγ in models with three Higgs doublets, Phys. Rev. D 103 (2021) 015035 [arXiv:2009.05779] [INSPIRE].

  37. [37]

    F. Borzumati and C. Greub, 2HDMs predictions for \( \overline{B} \)Xsγ in NLO QCD, Phys. Rev. D 58 (1998) 074004 [hep-ph/9802391] [INSPIRE].

  38. [38]

    HFLAV collaboration, Averages of b-hadron, c-hadron, and τ-lepton properties as of 2018, Eur. Phys. J. C 81 (2021) 226 [arXiv:1909.12524] [INSPIRE].

  39. [39]

    M. Misiak, A. Rehman and M. Steinhauser, Towards \( \overline{B} \)Xsγ at the NNLO in QCD without interpolation in mc, JHEP 06 (2020) 175 [arXiv:2002.01548] [INSPIRE].

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Diana Rojas-Ciofalo.

Additional information

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

ArXiv ePrint: 2012.08846

Rights and permissions

Open Access . This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY 4.0), which permits any use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Logan, H.E., Moretti, S., Rojas-Ciofalo, D. et al. CP violation from charged Higgs bosons in the three Higgs doublet model. J. High Energ. Phys. 2021, 158 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/JHEP07(2021)158

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/JHEP07(2021)158

Keywords

  • Beyond Standard Model
  • CP violation
  • Higgs Physics