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Higgs portals for thermal Dark Matter. EFT perspectives and the NMSSM

  • Sebastian Baum
  • Marcela Carena
  • Nausheen R. Shah
  • Carlos E.M. Wagner
Open Access
Regular Article - Theoretical Physics

Abstract

We analyze a low energy effective model of Dark Matter in which the thermal relic density is provided by a singlet Majorana fermion which interacts with the Higgs fields via higher dimensional operators. Direct detection signatures may be reduced if blind spot solutions exist, which naturally appear in models with extended Higgs sectors. Explicit mass terms for the Majorana fermion can be forbidden by a Z3 symmetry, which in addition leads to a reduction of the number of higher dimensional operators. Moreover, a weak scale mass for the Majorana fermion is naturally obtained from the vacuum expectation value of a scalar singlet field. The proper relic density may be obtained by the s-channel interchange of Higgs and gauge bosons, with the longitudinal mode of the Z boson (the neutral Goldstone mode) playing a relevant role in the annihilation process. This model shares many properties with the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (NMSSM) with light singlinos and heavy scalar and gauge superpartners. In order to test the validity of the low energy effective field theory, we compare its predictions with those of the ultraviolet complete NMSSM. Extending our framework to include Z3 neutral Majorana fermions, analogous to the bino in the NMSSM, we find the appearance of a new bino-singlino well tempered Dark Matter region.

Keywords

Cosmology of Theories beyond the SM Beyond Standard Model Effective Field Theories Supersymmetric Effective Theories 

Notes

Open Access

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY 4.0), which permits any use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sebastian Baum
    • 1
    • 2
  • Marcela Carena
    • 3
    • 4
  • Nausheen R. Shah
    • 5
  • Carlos E.M. Wagner
    • 4
    • 6
  1. 1.The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmoparticle Physics, Department of PhysicsStockholm UniversityStockholmSweden
  2. 2.Nordita, KTH Royal Institute of Technology and Stockholm UniversityStockholmSweden
  3. 3.Fermi National Accelerator LaboratoryBataviaU.S.A.
  4. 4.Enrico Fermi Institute and Kavli Institute for Cosmological PhysicsUniversity of ChicagoChicagoU.S.A.
  5. 5.Department of Physics & AstronomyWayne State UniversityDetroitU.S.A.
  6. 6.HEP DivisionArgonne National LaboratoryArgonneU.S.A.

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