Interceram - International Ceramic Review

, Volume 64, Issue 6–7, pp 266–270 | Cite as

Lightweight Magnesium Oxychloride-Based Building Units from Egyptian Raw Magnesite

  • A. TawfikEmail author
  • F. Abd El-Raoof
  • M. A. Serry
Raw Materials Worldwide


Water resistant magnesium oxychloride (MOC)-based building products were prepared from different two samples of raw magnesite and rice straw waste up to 10 mass-%. Active magnesium oxide as starting material for the preparation of MOC was prepared from raw magnesite by calcination at temperatures of 650 and 1000°C. MOC-based lightweight building units can be prepared with a bulk density range between 1.0–1.4 g/cm3 with a compressive strength of up to 27 MPa and a modulus of rupture of up to 11 MPa. Selected samples were investigated using XRD and TEM. The XRD characterization results revealed the formation of phase 5, phase 3 and chlorartinite. The TEM informed that these phases are at nano scale.


magnesium oxychloride raw magnesite rice straw waste phases microstructure 


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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Research CenterDokki, CairoEgypt

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