Journal of Hydrodynamics

, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 19–25 | Cite as

Origin of vortical action as the fabric of the universe

  • Sung-Ching Ling
  • Hsien-Ping Pao
Keynote Lecture


The most prominent mode of action in the universe, from the largest to the smallest identifiable object, is noted to be that of a vortical motion. If this were not true, the universe as we know it could not exist. For example: the universe has billions of galactic systems, with each galaxy consisting of billions of stars spinning like a disk around a massive black hole. For ever-smaller scales within the same system, there are planets around a star and then moons around a planet. Within a planet we have hurricanes, tornadoes, and small line vortices. Down to the subatomic level, there are electrons and subatomic elements that might now also be taken as vortical string-like matters. Hence, it is the primary objective of this paper to find out the origin and properties of this fundamental action that constitutes the fabric of our universe.

Key words

line vortices turbulence cosmic and subatomic vortices fabric of the universe 


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Copyright information

© China Ship Scientific Research Center 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of EngineeringThe Catholic University of AmericaWashington D.C.USA

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