The Analysis of Verbal Behavior

, Volume 29, Issue 1, pp 101–108 | Cite as

Effects of a Differential Observing Response on Intraverbal Performance of Preschool Children: A Preliminary Investigation

  • April N. Kisamore
  • Amanda M. Karsten
  • Charlotte C. Mann
  • Kerry Ann Conde
Brief Report

Abstract

Axe (2008) speculated that some instances of intraverbal responding might be associated with limited or delayed acquisition because they require discrimination of multiple components of verbal stimuli. Past studies suggest that acquisition of responses under control of complex, multicomponent antecedent stimuli (e.g., conditional or compound stimulus control) can be facilitated with the introduction of a differential observing response (DOR; Dube & McIlvane, 1999; Gutowski, Geren, Stromer, & Mackay, 1995). The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the effects of a DOR (i.e., repeating the question) on intraverbal responding with six neurotypical preschool children. Findings included that (a) accuracy of intraverbal performance increased when the experimenter prompted a DOR; (b) 1 of 6 participants overtly emitted the DOR for a second relation in the absence of prompts, which was correlated with increased accuracy; and (c) following mastery, response accuracy was variable for 3 participants. Based on these findings, prompted DORs may offer an effective, if temporary, aid to intraverbal instruction for neurotypical preschool children.

Key words

differential observing response discrimination training intraverbal responses preschool children verbal behavior 

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Copyright information

© Association of Behavior Analysis International 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • April N. Kisamore
    • 1
  • Amanda M. Karsten
    • 1
  • Charlotte C. Mann
    • 1
    • 2
  • Kerry Ann Conde
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyWestern New England UniversitySpringfieldUSA
  2. 2.New England Center for ChildenUSA

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