The Analysis of Verbal Behavior

, Volume 29, Issue 1, pp 45–49 | Cite as

The Establishing Operation and Teaching Verbal Behavior

  • Vincent J. Carbone
Special Section on Motivating Operations and Verbal Behavior


Twenty years ago Michael (1993) refined and extended the concept of the conditioned establishing operation (CEO). With this paper he updated his previous treatment of the topic (Michael, 1982) by providing terminological refinements and conceptually clear descriptions of the reflexive and transitive CEOs. In the 20 years since the publication of that paper there has been an increase in the application of CEOs as independent variables in the teaching of verbal behavior in applied setting. The purpose of this paper is to provide a brief overview of clinical applications of the EO to the teaching of verbal behavior during the last 20 years.

Key words

applied establishing operation motivation verbal behavior 


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Copyright information

© Association of Behavior Analysis International 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Carbone ClinicValley CottageUSA

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