Advertisement

The Analysis of Verbal Behavior

, Volume 29, Issue 1, pp 45–49 | Cite as

The Establishing Operation and Teaching Verbal Behavior

  • Vincent J. Carbone
Special Section on Motivating Operations and Verbal Behavior

Abstract

Twenty years ago Michael (1993) refined and extended the concept of the conditioned establishing operation (CEO). With this paper he updated his previous treatment of the topic (Michael, 1982) by providing terminological refinements and conceptually clear descriptions of the reflexive and transitive CEOs. In the 20 years since the publication of that paper there has been an increase in the application of CEOs as independent variables in the teaching of verbal behavior in applied setting. The purpose of this paper is to provide a brief overview of clinical applications of the EO to the teaching of verbal behavior during the last 20 years.

Key words

applied establishing operation motivation verbal behavior 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Albert, K. M., Carbone, V., Murray, D., Hagerty, M., Sweeney-Kerwin, E. J. (in press). Increasing the mand repertoire of children with autism through the use of an interrupted chain procedure. Behavior Analysis in Practice.Google Scholar
  2. Betz, A. M., Higbee, T. S., & Pollard, J. S. (2010). Promoting generalization of mands for information used by young children with autism. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 4, 501–508.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Brown, K. A., Wacker, D. P., Derby, K. M., Peck, S. M., Richman, D. M., Sasso, G. M., Knutson, C. L., & Harding, J. W. (2000). Evaluating the effects of functional communication training in the presence and absence of establishing operations. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 33, 53–71.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. Carbone, V. J., Morgenstern, B., Zecchin-Tirri, G. & Kolberg, L. (2010). The role of the reflexive-conditioned motivating operation (CMO-R) during discrete trial instruction of children with autism. Focus on Autism and Developmental Disabilities, 25, 110–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Carbone, V., O’Brien, L., Sweeney-Kerwin, E. J., & Albert, K. M. (in press). Teaching eye contact to children with autism: A conceptual analysis and single case study. Education and Treatment of Children.Google Scholar
  6. Carr, E. G., & Durand, V. M. (1985). Reducing behavior problems through functional communication training. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 18, 111–126.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. Dube, W. V., MacDonald, R. P. F., Mansfield, R. C., Holcomb, W. L., & Ahern, W. H. (2004). Toward a behavioral analysis of joint attention. The Behavior Analyst, 27, 197–207.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  8. Ebanks, M. E., & Fisher, W. W. (2003). Altering the timing of academic prompts to treat destructive behavior maintained by escape. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 36, 355–359.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  9. Endicott, K., & Higbee, T. S. (2007). Contriving motivating operations to evoke mands for information in preschoolers with autism. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 1, 210–217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hall, G. A., & Sundberg, M. L. (1987). Teaching mands by manipulating conditioned establishing operations. The Analysis of Verbal behavior, 5, 41–53.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  11. Holth, P. (2011). Joint attention in behavior analysis. In E. A. Mayvile & J. A. Mulick, (Eds.), Behavioral foundations of effective autism treatment (. 73–89). Cornwallon- Hudson, NY: Sloan Publishing.Google Scholar
  12. Isaksen, J., & Holth, P. (2009). An operant approach to teaching joint attention skills to children with autism. Behavioral Interventions, 24, 215–236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Iwata, B. A., Smith, R. G., & Michael, J. (2000). Current research on the influence of establishing operations on behavior in applied settings. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 33, 401–410.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Langthorne, P. & McGill, P. (2009). The motivating operation, Behavior Analysis in Practice, 2(2), 22–31.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  15. Lechago, S. A., Carr, J. E., Grow, L. L., Love, J. R., & Almason, S. M. (2010). Mands for information generalize across establishing operations. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 43, 381–395.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  16. McComas, J., Hoch, H., Paone, D., & El-Roy, D. (2000). Escape behavior during Academic tasks: A preliminary analysis if idiosyncratic establishing operations. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 33, 479–493.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  17. McGill, P. (1999). Establishing operations: Implications for the assessment, treatment and prevention of problem behavior. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 32, 393–418.CrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  18. Michael, J. (1982). Distinguishing between discriminative and motivational functions of Stimuli. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of behavior, 37, 149–155.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  19. Michael, J. (1993). Establishing operations. The Behavior Analyst, 16, 191–206.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  20. Michael, J. (2000). Implications and refinements of the establishing operation concept. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 33, 401–410.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  21. Michael, J. (2004). Concepts and principles of behavior analysis (2nd ed.). Kalamazoo, MI: Association for Behavior Analysis International.Google Scholar
  22. Rosales, R., & Rehfeldt, R. (2007). Contriving transitive conditioned establishing operations to establish derived manding skills in adults with severe developmental disabilities. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 40, 105–121.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  23. Roxburgh, C., & Carbone, V. J. (2012). The effects of varying teacher presentation rates on responding during discrete trial training for two children with autism. Behavior Modification. Advance online publication. doi:10.1177/0145445512463046Google Scholar
  24. Shafer, E. (1994). A review of interventions to teach a mand repertoire. The Analysis of Verbal behavior, 12, 53–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Shillingsburg, M. A., & Valentino, A. L. (2011). Teaching a child with autism to mand for information using “how.” The Analysis of Verbal behavior, 27, 179–184.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  26. Sidener, T. M., Carr, J. E., Karsten, A. M., Severtson, J.M., Cornelius, C. E., Heinicke, M. R. (2010). Evaluation of single and mixed verbal operant arrangements for teaching mands and tacts. The Analysis of Verbal behavior, 26, 15–30.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  27. Skinner, B. F. (1957). Verbal behavior. Acton, MA: Copley Publishing Group.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Smith, R. G., & Iwata, B. A. (1997). Antecedent influences on behavior disorders. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 30, 343–375.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  29. Sundberg, M. L. (2004). A behavioral analysis of motivation and its relation to mand training. In L. W. Williams (ed.), Development disabilities: Etiology, assessment, intervention, and integration (. 1–22). Reno, NV: Context Press.Google Scholar
  30. Sundberg, M. L., Loeb, M., Hale, L., & Eigenheer, P. (2002). Contriving establishing operations to teach mands for information. The Analysis of Verbal behavior, 18, 14–28.Google Scholar
  31. Sundberg, M. L., & Michael, J. (2001). The benefits of Skinner’s analysis of verbal behavior for children with autism. Behavior Modification, 25, 698–724.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Sundberg, M. L. & Partington, J. W. (1998). Teaching language to children with autism or other developmental disabilities. Concord, CA: AVB Press.Google Scholar
  33. Taylor, B. A., & Hoch, H. (2008). Teaching children with autism to respond to and initiate bids for joint attention. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 41, 337–391.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Wilder, D. A., & Carr, J. E. (1998). Recent advances in the modification of establishing operations to reduce aberrant behavior. Behavioral Interventions, 13, 43–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Ziomek, M. M., & Rehfeldt, R. A. (2008). Investigating the acquisition, generalization and emergence of untrained verbal operants for mands using the picture exchange communication system in adults with severe developmental disabilities. The Analysis of Verbal behavior, 24, 15–30.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Association of Behavior Analysis International 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Carbone ClinicValley CottageUSA

Personalised recommendations