The Analysis of Verbal Behavior

, Volume 28, Issue 1, pp 145–150 | Cite as

Manipulating Motivating Operations to Facilitate the Emergence of Mands for a Child With Autism

  • Barbara Janine Davis
  • SungWoo Kahng
  • Kaitlin Coryat
Article

Abstract

Research on the functional independence of verbal operants (Skinner, 1957) has demonstrated inconsistent findings. One explanation may be that these studies have not manipulated the motivating operation (MO) to facilitate the emergence of mands (Hall & Sundberg, 1987; Lamarre & Holland, 1985). In the current study, 1 participant, diagnosed with autism, was taught to tact high-preference and low-preference leisure items, and emergence of mands was tested under varying MO conditions. Results showed the emergence of mands following periods of arranged deprivation, and greater maintenance for a highly preferred relative to a less preferred stimulus. However, mands only emerged when presession tact trials were conducted. These results suggest that in a state of deprivation, transfer of stimulus control from discriminative to motivational conditions may occur without direct training.

Key words

mand tact motivating operation verbal operant autism 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Catania, A. C. (1998). Learning: 4th edition. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  2. Egan, C. E., & Barnes-Holmes, D. (2011). Examining antecedent control over emergent mands and tacts in young children. The Psychological Record, 61, 127–140.Google Scholar
  3. Fisher, W., Piazza, C. C., Bowman, L. G., Hagopian, L. P., Owens, J. C., & Slevin, I. (1992). A comparison of two approaches for identifying reinforcers for persons with severe and profound disabilities. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 25, 491–498.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. Hall, G., & Sundberg, M. L. (1987). Teaching mands by manipulating conditioned establishing operations. The Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 5, 41–53.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  5. Kelley, M. E., Shillingsburg, M. A., Castro, M. J., Addison, L. R., & LaRue, Jr., R. H. (2007). Further evaluation of emerging speech in children with developmental disabilities: Training of verbal behavior. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 40, 431–445.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. Kooistra, E. T., Buchmeier, A. L., & Klatt, K. P. (2012). The effect of motivating operations on the transfer from tacts to mands for children diagnosed with autism. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 6, 109–114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Lamarre, J., & Holland, J. G. (1985). The functional independence of mands and tacts. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 43, 5–19.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  8. Lerman, D. C., Parten, M., Addison, L. R., Vorndran, C. M., Volkert, V. M., & Kodak, T. (2005). A methodology for assessing the functions of emerging speech in children with developmental disabilities. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 38, 303–316.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  9. Petursdottir, A. I., Carr, J. E., & Michael, J. (2005). Emergence of mands and tacts of novel objects among preschool children. The Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 21, 59–74.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  10. Rosales, R., & Rehfeldt, R. A. (2007). Contriving transitive conditioned establishing operations to establish derived manding in adults with developmental disabilities. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 40, 125–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Savage-Rumbaugh, E. S. (1984). Verbal behavior at a procedural level in the chimpanzee. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 41, 223–250.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  12. Sigafoos, J., Doss, S., & Reichle, J. (1989). Developing mand and tact repertoires in people with severe developmental disabilities using graphic symbols. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 10, 183–200.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Skinner, B. F. (1957). Verbal behavior. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Wallace, M. D., Iwata, B. A., & Hanley, G. P. (2006). Establishment of mands following tact training as a function of reinforcer strength. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 39, 17–24.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Association of Behavior Analysis International 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barbara Janine Davis
    • 1
    • 2
  • SungWoo Kahng
    • 2
    • 3
  • Kaitlin Coryat
    • 2
  1. 1.University of MarylandBaltimore CountyUSA
  2. 2.Department of Behavioral PsychologyKennedy Krieger InstituteBaltimoreUSA
  3. 3.Johns Hopkins University School of MedicineUSA

Personalised recommendations