A Comparison of Stimulus-Stimulus Pairing, Standard Echoic Training, and Control Procedures on the Vocal Behavior of Children With Autism
- 16 Downloads
An alternating treatments design was employed to compare the effect of stimulus-stimulus pairing, standard echoic training, and a control condition on the vocal behavior of 3 preschoolers with autism. Data were recorded during pre- and postsession observations. During the stimulus-stimulus pairing condition, the experimenter’s vocal model was paired with the delivery of a preferred item. During the standard echoic training condition, the experimenter presented a vocal model and delivered a preferred item contingent on an echoic response. During the control condition, the experimenter presented a vocal model and, after a 10-s delay, presented a preferred edible item. Results from the post-session observations during the stimulusstimulus pairing condition showed an immediate but temporary increase in the target sound for 1 participant only. Implications and suggestions for future research are provided.
Keywordsautism automatic reinforcement stimulus-stimulus pairing echoic training verbal behavior
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Barlow, D. H, & Hersen, M. (1984). Single case experimental designs: Strategies for studying behavior change. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.Google Scholar
- Carbone, V. J. (2004, July). Teaching vocal behavior to non-vocal learners. Paper presented at the annual conference of the Autism Society of America, State College, PA.Google Scholar
- Lovaas, O. I. (1981). Teaching developmentally disabled children: The me book. Austin, TX: Pro-Ed.Google Scholar
- Michael, J. (2007). Motivating operations. In J. O. Cooper, T. E. Heron, & W. L. Heward (Eds.), Applied behavior analysis (2nd ed., pp. 374–391). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.Google Scholar
- Sundberg, M. L., & Partington, J. W. (1998). Teaching language to children with autism or other developmental disabilities. Pleasant Hill, CA: Behavior Analysts, Inc.Google Scholar
- Vaughan, M. E., & Michael, J. L. (1982). Automatic reinforcement: An important but often ignored concept. Behaviorism, 10, 217–227.Google Scholar