Role of Contextual Control in Second Language Performance
Transfer of training from an instructional environment to a natural environment may bring about ineffective language performance by bilingual individuals. In that regard, this study was designed to demonstrate the effect of such a transition on individuals’ language performance. A series of Japanese and English words were used as sample and comparisons in a matching procedure. Differential conditioning was implemented in the presence two types of contextual stimuli. After three sets of relations were established, the physical configuration of the contextual stimuli was changed to more subtle appearances, and the number of variations in the contextual stimuli was increased. Measures of percent correct and response latency were used to show the negative influence on second language performance. Percent correct responses decreased with the subtle contextual stimuli for 11 out of 14 participants, and average response latency increased with the increased number of variations in the last phase. These findings indicate that the change in environmental stimuli will be a significant participatory factor in training of second languages.
Key wordscontextual control conditional discrimination second language performance
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Andreou, E., Andreou, G., & Vlachos, F. (in press). Studying orientations and performance on verbal fluency tasks in a second language. Learning and Individual Differences.Google Scholar
- Collentine, J., & Freed, B. F. (2004). Learning context and its effects on second language acquisition: Introduction. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 26, 153–171.Google Scholar
- Green, M. R. (1986). Contextual control of stimulus equivalence with preschool children (Doctoral dissertation, Utah State University, 1986). Dissertation Abstracts International, 47, 2652–2653.Google Scholar
- Herbst, S. A., Houmanfar, R., & Washio, Y. (2003). An experimental evaluation of optimal conditions for facilitating second language acquisition. Unpublished master’s thesis, University of Nevada, Reno.Google Scholar
- Huckin, T. N., & Jin, Z. (1986). Inferring wordmeaning from context: A study in second language acquisition. Proceedings of the Eastern States Conference on Linguistics, 3, 271–280.Google Scholar
- Keppel, G. (1991). Design and analysis: A researcher’s handbook (3rd ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
- Larsen-Freeman, D. (2003). Teaching lan guage: From grammar to grammaring. Boston: Thomson Heinle.Google Scholar
- Osborne, J. G., & Koppel, L. (2001). Acquisition, generalization, and contextual control of taxonomic and thematic relational responding. Psychological Record, 51, 185–205.Google Scholar