An Implementation of Protocol Analysis and the Silent Dog Method in the Area of Behavioral Safety
- 3 Downloads
Recent research has demonstrated that conducting safety observations increases the safety performance of the observer. The purpose of this study was to help determine whether observers make self-verbalizations regarding their own safety performance and whether these reports are functionally related to safety performance. In order to answer these questions two experiments were conducted using both protocol analysis and the silent dog method. The objective of Experiment 1 was (a) to determine whether safety performance with continuous, concurrent talk-aloud procedures is functionally equivalent to safety performance without talk-aloud reports, and (b) to determine whether that safety performance is altered when participants are presented with a distracter task. The goal of Experiment 2 was to determine whether the safety-related verbalizations made by Experiment 1 participants were task-relevant and functionally related to safety performance. The results from both Experiments 1 and 2 provide support for the existence of a functional relationship between safety-related verbalizations and increases in safety performance.
Key wordsbehavioral safety silent dog method protocol analysis behavioral observations self-generated rules
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Alvero, A. M. & Austin, J. (2003). The observer effect. In T. McSween (Ed.), The values-based safety process (2nd ed.). New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.Google Scholar
- Doyle, A. C. (1892). The memoirs of Sherlock Holmes. Reprinted in Sherlock Holmes: Complete novels and stories (Vol. 1, pp. 455–477). New York: Bantam Books, 1986.Google Scholar
- Ericsson, K. A., & Simon, H. A. (1993). Protocol analysis: Verbal reports as data. (rev. ed.). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
- Huitema, B. E. (1985). Autocorrelation in applied behavior analysis: A myth. Behavioral Assessment, 7, 107–118.Google Scholar
- Kanfer, F. H., & Gaelick-Buys, L. (1991). Self-management methods. In F. H. Kanfer & A. P. Goldstein (Eds.), Helping people change (4th ed.) (pp. 305–360). New York: Pergamon.Google Scholar
- Krause, T. R. (1997). The behavior-based safety process. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.Google Scholar
- Parsonson, B. S., & Baer, D. M. (1992). The visual analysis of data, and current research into the stimuli controlling it. In T. R. Kratochwill, & J. R. Levin (Eds.), Single-case research design and analysis: New directions for psychology and education (pp. 15–40). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum Associates, Inc.Google Scholar
- Rachlin, H. (1974). Self-control. Behaviorism, 2, 94–107.Google Scholar
- Sasson, J. (2002). Examining the effects of conducting behavior-based safety observations. Unpublished master’s thesis, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo.Google Scholar