Verbal Behavior and Initial Exposure to Delayed Reinforcement
- 5 Downloads
Ten subjects responded under a tandem fixed-ratio 1 not-responding-greater-than-t schedule of point delivery during one 75-min session in which the delay was either 10 or 20 s. Subjects were asked to describe the contingencies throughout the session. Although studies with nonhumans have demonstrated response acquisition under similar delayed-consequence procedures, a minority of subjects in the current study demonstrated sensitivity to delayed consequences convincingly. All subjects exhibited inefficient patterns of responding and descriptions of nonexistent contingencies. Subjects who demonstrated learning were more likely to verbalize the actual contingencies, but this was not true in all cases. Furthermore, some subjects who demonstrated learning did not describe the delay contingency. Results suggest that learning may occur in the absence of a person’s ability to describe environment-behavior relations.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Avila, S. R., & Bruner, C. A. (1995). Response acquisition under long delays of signaled and unsignaled reinforcement. Mexican Journal of Behavior Analysis, 59, 117–127.Google Scholar
- Dickinson, A., Watt, A., & Griffiths, W. J. H. (1992). Free-operant response acquisition with delayed reinforcement. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 45B, 241–258.Google Scholar
- Lattai, K. A., & Gleeson, S. (1990). Response acquisition with delayed reinforcement. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 16, 27–39.Google Scholar
- Malott, R. W., Whaley, D. L., & Malott, M. E. (1997). Elementary principles of behavior (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
- Michael, J. L. (1993). Concepts and principles of behavior analysis. Kalamazoo, MI: Society for the Advancement of Behavior Analysis.Google Scholar
- Schlinger, H. D., & Blakely, E. (1994). The effects of delayed reinforcement and a response-produced auditory stimulus on the acquisition of operant behavior in rats. The Psychological Record, 44, 391–409.Google Scholar
- Skinner, B. E (1953). Science and human behavior. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar